What Did You Do? Simple Past Tense
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Learn how to talk about your day or about your weekend and how to ask questions using Past Tense Verbs.
สรุปหลักการใช้ Present perfect tense อย่างละเอียดและเข้าใจง่ายๆ พร้อมโครงสร้างและตัวอย่างประโยค
อธิบายโครงสร้าง หลักการใช้ present perfect tense พร้อมตัวอย่างประโยคภาษาอังกฤษ อย่างละเอียดและเข้าใจง่าย มาเรียนไวยากรณ์ภาษาอังกฤษและแกรมม่าภาษาอังกฤษเบื้องต้นกันน่ะครับ
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Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous – English grammar tutorial video lesson
Present perfect and present perfect continuous/ progressive video tutorial. This tutorial is about the present perfect
and the present perfect continuous. In this tutorial
I’m going to show you how to form and when to use a present perfect and how to form and when to use a present perfect continuous.
Take a look at these sentences:
I have worked since 5 o’clock in the morning.
I have been working since 5 o’clock in the morning.
The first sentence is in the present perfect tense,
the second sentence is in the present perfect continuous tense. First we are going to take a look at how to form a present perfect. For the regular verb to have and a past participle. A past participle can be made by adding ed to the base form of the verb.
I have walked the dog.
For the irregular verbs we also use the auxiliary verb to have and a past participle but here the past participle has its own unique form.
She has driven my car.
The infinitive form of the verb is ‘to drive.’
A present perfect continuous is made by have and been which is the past participle form of the verb ‘to be.’
We use the base from of the verb and we add ‘ing.’
For example I have been walking the dog, and she has been driving my car. Please note that we do not need to pay attention to the regular and irregular verbs. Now let’s have a look at the difference between the two. A present perfect is used for a thing, which can either be an activity or a state
which started in the past and has continued into the present. For example:
I have broken my leg and I have talked to him.
The present perfect continuous is used for an activity that started in the past and has continued into the future.
I have been talking to him.
We cannot say:
I have been breaking my leg.
We also use the present perfect continuous when talking about things that are annoying.
He has been shouting at me for over half an hour.
What Have You Been Doing? – Present Perfect Continuous
Learn how to use Present Perfect Continuous through this story. There are many examples in the video that can help you understand this tense easily and use it correctly.
Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Simple: Tom’s Story (A comical story of Tom, the ESL student – Video)
Follow Tom in his everyday life and teach the present perfect tense by contrasting it with the past simple to preintermediate level ESL learners.
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For the “No Music” version of this video, please click here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SnYv8rB32WE\u0026feature=youtu.be
Title of English / ESL Video:
Target English Grammar:
Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Simple Tense
Student Proficiency Level:
Preintermediate level grammar
– Play the video in class after delivering a warmup activity first.
– Pause the video whenever the narrator asks students a question to give students time to answer. For example, after elicitations and concept checking questions (CCQs).
Summary of English Grammar: Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Simple
Approximate chronological order:
Rules and Explanation:
– Past events
– Recent past events
– Unfinished states
Timeline: Past Events
– The present perfect simple tense indicates that something happened in the past.
– We don’t know when it happened. We just know it happened in the past some time between the day that you were born until now.
Visual Representation of Example:
– Example: I’ve been to Australia.
– This means some time in the past, you went to Australia.
– been vs. gone: Gone means you went there, but you’re still not back yet. Been means you went there, and then you left.
– We often use never to emphasize negatives and ever to emphasize questions.
– Example: Have you ever been to America? (No, I’ve never been to America.)
Recent Past Events:
– Example 1: Mum, have you finished cooking dinner?
– Example 2: Yes boys, I’ve made your favourite!
– We can also use just, yet and already for emphasis.
– Example 1: Mum, have you finished cooking dinner yet?
– Example 2: Yes boys, I’ve just made your favourite!
– Example: We’ve known each other for two weeks now.
– We use for for a period of time.
– Examples: for an hour, for two days, for the last 10 years.
– We use since for a starting point in time.
– Examples: since last night, since three months ago, since the 1980s.
Timeline: Unfinished States
– We’ve known each other for two weeks now.
– The boy met the girl at a certain point in the past, and they still know each other in the present.
– They have known each other for two weeks, which means they met two weeks ago.
Simple Past: Function
– To talk about finished events where the time is known.
– Example 1: How was your date honey?
– Example 2: We broke up…
– In these examples, although the time is not mentioned, both the boy and his mother know the time of the date.
– We can use just for emphasis that an event recently happened.
– Example: We just broke up.
Subject + have/has (+ never/just/already) + past participle + … (+ for/since, time word, yet)
I + ‘ve + been + to Australia.
I + ‘ve + never + been + to America.
I + haven’t + made + dinner + yet.
We + ‘ve + known + each other + for two weeks now.
Wh/How + have/has + subject + past participle + … (+ for) + ?
How long + have + we + known + each other + for?
Wh/how question words and for are for open questions.
Have/has + subject (+ ever) + past participle + … (+ yet, time word) + ?
Have + you + ever + been + to Australia?
Have + you + finished + cooking + dinner + yet?
Ever, yet and time words are for yes/no questions.
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