Home » [Update] Future perfect: função, usos, exemplos, exercícios | future perfect – NATAVIGUIDES

[Update] Future perfect: função, usos, exemplos, exercícios | future perfect – NATAVIGUIDES

future perfect: นี่คือโพสต์ที่เกี่ยวข้องกับหัวข้อนี้

Utilizamos o tempo verbal future perfect em inglês com o objetivo de falar sobre ações ou eventos que terão sido concluídos em um ponto específico do futuro. Mesmo não sendo um tempo verbal muito frequente, é importante que os aprendizes de língua inglesa dominem a sua estrutura|1|. Formado por dois verbos auxiliares, will e have, o future perfect tem o verbo principal flexionado no particípio passado.

Leia também: Going to – marca do futuro simples em inglês

Quando usar o future perfect?

Do ponto de vista do uso, o future perfect transmite a ideia de que alguma coisa terá acabado em um ponto do futuro|2|. Observe, a seguir, alguns exemplos:

We will have done our homework by the time our parents arrive at home.
(Nós teremos terminado nossa tarefa quando nossos pais chegarem em casa.)

Percebe-se que há uma projeção de uma ação concluída em um determinado momento do futuro: terminar a tarefa de casa.

Quando? Quando os pais chegarem em casa, a ação já terá sido concluída.

I won’t have written the book by next month.
(Eu não terei escrito o livro até o próximo mês.)

A ação de escrever o livro, neste caso, não terá sido finalizada no ponto futuro “até o próximo mês”.

Levando em consideração o uso do future perfect, estudaremos, no tópico seguinte, as regras desse tempo verbal.

Veja também: Modal verbs – utilizados para sugestão, conselho, proibição, permissão

Não pare agora… Tem mais depois da publicidade 😉

Principais regras do future perfect

O tempo verbal future perfect é formado pelo verbo auxiliar will + verbo auxiliar have + verbo principal no particípio passado. Observe a estrutura do future perfect nas formas afirmativa, negativa e interrogativa:

  • Forma afirmativa

AFFIRMATIVE

Sujeito

(I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they)

will

have

graduated.

Will have graduated = Terá graduado.

Observe que os verbos auxiliares (will, have) não se flexionam para nenhuma pessoa.

Pode-se usar a forma contraída do sujeito e do verbo auxiliar will = I’ll, she’ll, they’ll etc.

Veja alguns exemplos com essa estrutura:

We will have moved to the new house by July.
(Nós teremos nos mudado para a casa nova até julho.)

She will have passed the test until January.
(Ela terá passado no teste até janeiro.)

In ten years’ time, Eric will have travelled all over the world.
(Em dez anos, Eric terá viajado o mundo inteiro.)

  • Forma negativa

NEGATIVE

Sujeito

(I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they)

will not
(won’t)

have

graduated.

Will have graduated = Terá graduado.

Observe que os verbos auxiliares (will, have) não se flexionam para nenhuma pessoa.

Pode-se usar a forma contraída de will + not = won’t

Observe:

You won’t have watched the entire episode by the time I return from the supermarket.
(Você não terá assistido ao episódio inteiro quando eu voltar do supermercado.)

  • Forma interrogativa

INTERROGATIVE

Will

 

Sujeito

(I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they)

have

graduated?

Will have graduated = Terá graduado.

Observe que os verbos auxiliares (will, have) não se flexionam para nenhuma pessoa.

Não se esqueça de que as perguntas devem iniciar-se com o verbo auxiliar will.

Veja esse exemplo:

They are coming at 7 p.m. Will you have organized your things?
(Eles vão chegar às 7:00 da noite. Você terá organizado suas coisas?)

Observe que, nos exemplos anteriores, utilizamos algumas expressões temporais com o future perfect, são elas: by (até), by the time (quando), in ten years’ time (em dez anos), until (até).

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Veja também: Simple present – tempo verbal que expressa hábitos, fatos gerais, instruções

Diferença entre future perfect e future continuous

Para diferenciar future perfect de future continuous é importante, primeiramente, conhecer o uso de cada. Enquanto o tempo verbal future perfect expressa alguma ação ou evento que estará concluído antes de um tempo específico no futuro, o tempo verbal future continuous relaciona-se com a duração/continuidade de uma ação ou evento no futuro.

Em termos de estrutura, o future continuous é formado pelo verbo auxiliar will + verbo to be + verbo principal + -ing.

Observe alguns exemplos:

We will be eating lunch when the kids arrive from the school.
(Nós estaremos almoçando quando as crianças chegarem da escola.)

Quando a segunda ação acontece, a primeira está em desenvolvimento.

You can visit us in July. I won’t be working the entire month.
(Você pode visitar-nos em julho. Eu não trabalharei/estarei trabalhando o mês todo.)

O foco da segunda oração está na duração dela (não trabalhará o mês todo).

O future perfect utiliza dois verbos auxiliares will e have.
  O future perfect utiliza dois verbos auxiliares will e have.

Exercícios resolvidos

Questão 1 (Uece 2013)

In the sentence “A political system in which impunity in politics has been the norm”, the verb phrase in the future perfect tense becomes:

a) will have been

b) would have been

c) will have being

d) will been being

Resolução:

Alternativa a, porque o verbo da oração é has been (present perfect), e o mesmo verbo no future perfect seria will have been.

Questão 2

A tradução das seguintes frases “Eu estou lendo um livro bem interessante. Eu o terei lido até semana que vem” seria:

a) I’m read a very interesting book. I’ll have read it until next week.

b) I have been reading a very interesting book. I have read it until next week.

c) I’m reading a very interesting book. I’m reading it until next week.

d) I’m reading a very interesting book. I’ll have read it until next week.

Resolução

Alternativa d, porque a primeira oração está no present continuous, e a segunda, no future perfect.

Notas

|1| DECAPUA, A. Grammar for teachers: a guide to American English for native and non-native speakers. Springer: New York, 2008.

|2| EASTWOOD, J. Oxford guide to English grammar. Oxford, 2002.

 

Por Patricia Veronica Moreira
Professora de Inglês

[NEW] Future Perfect – совершенное будущее время в английском языке ‹ engblog.ru | future perfect – NATAVIGUIDES

Эту статью мы подготовили для самых искушенных любителей и ценителей английского языка. Future Perfect (совершенное будущее время) покажет, как хорошо вы владеете английскими временами. Есть два случая, когда Future Perfect добавит в вашу речь изюминку. Именно их мы и рассмотрим.

Как образуется Future Perfect

Утверждение

Утвердительное предложение в Future Perfect строится с помощью вспомогательного глагола have во времени Future Simple (will have) и третьей формы основного глагола.

I/He/She/It/We/You/They + will have + 3-я форма глагола

I will have finished. – Я закончу.

He will have decided. – Он решит.

She will have painted. – Она нарисует.

It will have produced. – Оно произведет.

We will have arrived. – Мы прибудем.

You will have confirmed. – Вы подтвердите.

They will have received. – Они получат.

Отрицание

В отрицательном предложении мы ставим между will и have отрицательную частицу not.

I/He/She/It/We/You/They + will not have + 3-я форма глагола

I will not have finished. – Я не закончу.

He will not have decided. – Он не решит.

She will not have painted. – Она не нарисует.

It will not have produced. – Оно не произведет.

We will not have arrived. – Мы не прибудем.

You will not have confirmed. – Вы не подтвердите.

They will not have received. – Они не получат.

В разговорной речи вспомогательный глагол will have чаще встречается в сокращенной форме. В утвердительном предложении эта форма будет звучать как ‘ll have:

  • She’ll have painted.
  • You’ll have confirmed.
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В отрицательном – won’t have:

  • It won’t have produced.
  • We won’t have arrived.

Вопрос

В вопросе мы выносим на первое место will, затем используем подлежащее, после него – have и 3-ю форму основного глагола.

Will + I/he/she/it/we/you/they + have + 3-я форма глагола

Will I have finished? – Я закончу?

Will he have decided? – Он решит?

Will she have painted? – Она нарисует?

Will it have produced? – Оно произведет?

Will we have arrived? – Мы прибудем?

Will you have confirmed? – Вы подтвердите?

Will they have received? – Они получат?

Время Future Perfect не изучают на начальной ступени, поэтому мы разделили его функции только на два блока. Желтый блок предназначен для тех, у кого средний уровень знаний, красный – для тех, у кого высокий.

Где встречается Future Perfect

Средний уровень

Время Future Perfect – это аналог Present Perfect и Past Perfect для будущего действия.

Время Future Perfect показывает действие, которое завершится к определенному моменту в будущем. Момент в будущем передается с помощью специальных слов: by… (к какому-то времени/моменту), by the time (к тому времени как), by then (к тому времени), by tomorrow (к завтрашнему дню, до завтра), before (перед тем как), when (когда), until/till (до того как). Until и till используются только в отрицательных предложениях.

I want to quit my job in a month. I will have worked for 5 years for this company by then. – Я хочу через месяц уволиться. К тому времени я проработаю в этой компании 5 лет.

We will have built our new house by the next year. – Мы достроим наш новый дом к следующему году.

Не забывайте, что после союзов when, before, until/till мы используем настоящее время, даже если ситуация относится к будущему.

He won’t have finished arguing until you agree with him. – Он не прекратит спорить, пока ты с ним не согласишься.

He will have bought a new car before his wife comes back from a trip to London. – Он купит новую машину перед тем, как его жена вернется из поездки в Лондон.

Сложные случаи употребления Future Perfect

Высокий уровень

У времени Future Perfect есть еще одна функция, которая не связана с будущим временем. Future Perfect используется как аналог конструкции must have done. В этом значении Future Perfect показывает предположение, что действие было выполнено. На русский язык такое предложение будет переводиться прошедшим временем со словами «возможно», «вероятно», «должно быть».

You will have heard the news about my nephew’s marriage. – Ты, должно быть, слышала новости о женитьбе моего племянника.

He will have noticed that she is highly nervous. – Он, вероятно, заметил, что она сильно нервничает.

Future Perfect – время, способное удивить неожиданным значением. Как видите, у него всего две функции, поэтому изучить его не составит труда. Чтобы оно хорошо осело в вашей памяти, пройдите тест и сохраните таблицу с образованием будущего совершенного времени в английском языке.

↓ Скачать таблицу употребления времени Future Perfect (*.pdf, 187 Кб)

Тест

Future Perfect – совершенное будущее время в английском языке

Выберите правильный вариант ответа

Задание 1.

By the time you come home, I … dinner.

  • will have cooken

  • will have cooked

  • will had cooked

Задание 2.

I … the article by noon.

  • will have finished

  • will has finished

  • will had finished

Задание 3.

By the time you arrive in Paris, we … for Rome.

  • will have already leave

  • will have already leaved

  • will have already left

Задание 4.

We … for 10 years by next month.

  • will been had married

  • will have been married

  • will has been married

Задание 5.

… the washing-up before she goes out?

  • Will she have done

  • She will had done

  • She will have done

Задание 6.

By the time you get home I … the house.

  • will have not cleaned

  • won’t has cleaned

  • won’t have cleaned

Задание 7.

I … the book until next month.

  • will have read

  • won’t have read

  • won’t has read

Задание 8.

You … about his attitude to homeless animals.

  • will has heard

  • will have heard

  • will must heard

Задание 9.

She … home before the traffic jam.

  • will have got

  • will has got

  • will has get

Задание 10.

You … till she comes back.

  • will have not gone

  • will not gone

  • won’t have gone

Если вы нашли ошибку, пожалуйста, выделите фрагмент текста и нажмите Ctrl+Enter.


Future Perfect in English: How and When to Use \u0026 Examples


Future Perfect in English: How and When to Use \u0026 Examples watch this video to learn how to use this tense.
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HOW TO USE THE FUTURE PERFECT
We use this tense to talk about a completed action before a specific time in the future.
EXAMPLES OF THE FUTURE PERFECT
By January 2018, I will have done it.
By next week, they will have gone.
By the time you get here, he will have left.
Can you leave some examples?
Thanks for watching!

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Future Perfect in English: How and When to Use \u0026 Examples

Learn how to form the future perfect tense in English


This fun video makes it easy to learn how to form the future perfect tense in English.

Learn how to form the future perfect tense in English

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Future Perfect | ROCK YOUR ENGLISH #39


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Future Perfect | ROCK YOUR ENGLISH #39

Văn Phạm 34: Thì Tương Lai Hoàn Thành – Future Perfect Tense


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Văn Phạm 34: Thì Tương Lai Hoàn Thành - Future Perfect Tense

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