past simple vs present perfect exercises: คุณกำลังดูกระทู้
English Level: Intermediate
Language Focus: A review of the Past Simple, the Present Perfect (Simple), and the Present Perfect Progressive (Continuous)
Worksheet Download: present-perfect-past-simple-worksheet.docx (scroll down to study the exercises online)
Jump to: Present Simple (below), Present Progressive, Exercises
Verb Tense Review: The Past Simple
We use the past simple verb tense to talk about events that happened at a specific time in the past. Usually, in these sentences, there is a word like ‘yesterday’ or ‘last year’ which shows the action happened at a time in the past that is finished.
Past Simple Keywords: yesterday, last week, last month, last year, in 1994
- I washed my clothes
. (yesterday is finished)
- I met her in
. (2009 is finished)
- I woke up at 7 a.m.
. (this morning is finished)
This actions happened in the past, they are finished, and there is no connection with now.
Verb Tense Review: The Present Perfect
Subject + [ Auxiliary verb ‘have’ ] + [ Verb in Past Participle ]
exercised twice this week.
Present Perfect Keywords: today, this week, this month, this year, in my life, recently, lately, since, ever, never, yet, still, so far
With the present perfect, we cannot use a specific time in the past such as ‘yesterday’ or ‘in 2008.’ We use the present perfect when we talk about 1) actions that happened at an unspecified time in the past, 2) actions in a period that has not finished yet, and 3) actions that began in the past and continue to the present.
Let’s review each case.
1) Using Present Perfect with An Unspecified Time in the Past – Talking about Experience
- I have seen the movie Titanic.
- She hasn’t met him.
These two sentences don’t say anything about time. They don’t have words like ‘yesterday’ or ‘in 2008’. When we speak like this, we are talking about the experience we have had in life. These sentences are the same as saying:
- I have seen the movie Titanic
in my life
. (I have this experience)
- She hasn’t met him
in her life.
(She doesn’t have this experience.)
We’re talking about your life. Is your life finished? No, you are still alive. Your life is a period that has not finished yet. This is usually how we use the present perfect (see the next case).
2) Using Present Perfect with a Period That Has Not Finished Yet
- I have paid my rent
. (this month = a period that is not finished yet)
- I have gone to the doctor twice
. (this year = unfinished)
- I have been to Japan twice
in my life
. (your life = unfinished)
- I have flown in an airplane.*
*Again, in the last example, we use the present perfect because there is no mention of time. We are talking our life experience. And because your life is not finished yet, we use the present perfect. We cannot use the present perfect for dead people. For example, ‘Michael Jackson has sang in many concerts‘. We cannot say ‘has sang’ because the period in which he sang (his career, his life) is finished. There is no connection with the present, so we use the Past Simple.
3) Using Present Perfect Progressive for Actions that Continue from the Past until Now
Subject + [ Auxiliary verb ‘Have’ ] + [ been ] [ Verb in ~ing form (Present Participle)]
This is similar to the rule above.
- She has been working here since 2010.
- We have been waiting for 30 minutes.
In these examples, it’s the action that is unfinished. You began working, or waiting, in the past, and you are still doing it now. There is a clear connection with the present. We want to focus on the fact that the action is still happening (now), we use the progressive tense — in this case, it is the present perfect Progressive.
Note: With the verbs live, work, teach, and study, there is no difference in whether you use the present perfect Simple or present perfect Progressive. For example, “I have lived here for two years.” is the same as “I have been living here for two years.”
There is one more situation in which we often use the present perfect.
4) Present Perfect for Actions in the Very Recent Past
- I’ve just had breakfast, so I’m not hungry.
- Jane has lost her job, so she’s sad.
We could use either the present perfect or the past simple (Jane lost her job) for these sentences. True, both actions have finished, but because they have happened very recently, there is still some connection with the present.
Prepositions with the Present Perfect: Since & For
We use since with the Present Perfect to indicate when an action (that continues to the present) began.
- I’ve been studying English
2004. (I am still studying it)
- She has been married
she was 20 years old. (She is still married)
- People have been fighting in wars
the beginning of time. (They are still fighting)
Again, these actions continued in the past until now. (Note: We use from for actions that started in the past and have finished, for example: I lived in that house from 2002 to 2004.)
We use for to show the amount of time that has passed since an action began.
- I have been studying English
- She has been married
- People have been fighting in wars
thousands of years.
Practice: Exercises for Contrasting the Past Simple and Present Perfect
Remember to look for the keywords, e.g. yesterday. These will help you decide if there is a connection with the present or not.
- Alan (graduate) from university last month.
- There (be) a large earthquake in Japan in 1995.
- I like to exercise, but I (not/exercise) yet this week.
- My brother (never/go) to university.
- John and Lisa (be) married since 2010.
- Recently, it (not/be) very hot.
- My brother (not/be) to the dentist for a long time.
- My wife and I (be) married for 1 year. So far we (not/have) any big problems.
- I started writing my essay two hours ago, and I still (not/finish) yet.
- A: Where’s John? — B: I don’t know. I (not/see) him today.
- A: (you/ever/be) to Hawaii? — B: Yes. Twice.
- A: When (you/get) your dog? — B: Last summer.
- A: How long (you/study) English? — B: Five years.
- A: Do you know anyone who (be) to Thailand? — B: Yes, my sister.
- A: (you/see) my keys today? — B: Yes. I (see) them this morning on the kitchen table.
- A: Would you like half my sandwich? — B: I (just/eat) lunch, so I’m not hungry. Thanks for asking though.
Exercises for For and Since (and From)
- Peter lived in Japan 2001 until 2005. Now, he lives in Chicago. He has been living in Chicago he left Japan. He works as a chef at a nice French restaurant. He has been working there almost two years.
- Laura is an excellent golfer. She has been playing golf she was 8 years old. Now, she’s a professional. She has also been coaching several years. She started coaching me last year. then, I have become a much better player.
Exercises: Present Perfect Simple or Present Perfect Progressive (Continuous)
Hint: Do not use the progressive tenses for state verbs.
- My sister (watch) TV for four hours. She should take a break.
- I’m hungry. I (not/have) anything to eat yet today.
- It (rain) since noon. I wish it would stop.
- A: When is the bus coming? — B: I don’t know. I hope it comes soon. I (wait) for half an hour.
- George is my best friend. I (know) him since I was five years old.
- The Johnsons are trying to find a house to buy. They (look) for four months. They (not/find) anything yet.
- The weather (be) so nice recently. I love summer.
- You (do) these exercises for several minutes. (you/make) any mistakes?
Insert the Correct Verb: Present Perfect Simple, Present Perfect Progressive, or Past Simple
- A: Hi John. I (not/see) you in a long time! How (you/be) lately?
- B: Great! It’s nice to see you. How are you?
- A: I’m doing great too. Hey, Sarah (tell) me that you have a new job.
- B: Yes, at Campbell’s Auto Insurance. I’m doing accounting, of course. I (only/be) there for a month but it seems pretty good. And what’s new with you?
- A: Well, I (move) into a new apartment last month with Jacob.
- B: Jacob?
A: My boyfriend. You (not/meet) him. We (be) together for half a year now.
- B: Good for you. And what does Jacob do?
- A: He’s an accountant too. Actually, he’s searching for a job now. He (look) for a few months now, but he (not/find) anything good yet.
- B: I know how he feels. I (have) about five interviews at different companies before I (find) my job. I’m sure he’ll find something.
- A: I hope so. Okay, I’ve got to get going. It was nice talking to you, John. Have a nice day.
I hope you’ve found these practice exercises useful. I could write a lot more about the present perfect, but these are the main ideas. If you have a question, leave a comment below.
– Matthew Barton / Creator of Englishcurrent.com (copyright)
[Update] ‘Past Simple & Present Perfect’ | past simple vs present perfect exercises – NATAVIGUIDES
Instructions: Choose the correct verb form to complete the sentences
Q1 – He ….. there when he was a child
Q2 – I …….. her since last year
Q3 – They ……… a few minutes ago
Q4 – She ………. unemployed since she left school
has not been
Q5 – They ……. the contract last week
Q6 – The film ………. yet
Q7 – She …….. ill since Thursday
Q8 – I …….. the project last night
Q9 – Look- someone ……. their handbag in the room
Q10 – ………… to Rome?
Did you ever go
Have you ever been
Q11 – I can’t get into my house because I …….. my keys
Q12 – Nobody ……. the phone when it rang
Q13 – I ……… up smoking last year
Q14 – You can’t see her because she ……… home
Q15 – …………… to the United States?
Did you ever go
Have you ever been
Q16 – I never ……… my grandmother as she died before I was born
Q17 – It’s the first time I …….. caviar
Q18 – The first time we ……… was just the other day
Q19 – It stinks in here; someone ……….. smoking
Q20 – He’s in hospital because he …………. leg
Q21 – I’ve known her since we ……… at school together
Q22 – It’s ages since we ……..
Q23 – It’s been ages since we …….. from Dave
Q24 – The last time I saw Fran …….. ages ago
Q25 – I …….. from her lately
Q26 – I just …….. the time to go to the cinema recently
Q27 – I …….. just Meg and Brian at the party
Q28 – I …….. busy for the past fortnight
Q29 – She ……… away for the last two weeks
Q30 – ……… to the concert on Friday?
Did you go
Have you been
Q31 – This is the first time I …….. here
Q32 – I ……. them since my schooldays
Q33 – He ……… yet
Q34 – They ……….. the contract yet
Q35 – The newspaper ……… very successful lately
Q36 – He …… during the war
Q37 – I ……… breakfast before leaving home this morning
Q38 – I ……. a taxi so I came on the bus
Q39 – John’s nervous because he ………. such a difficult test before
has never taken
Q40 – My stereo ……. working last night
Q41 – Two people ……. at the game on Saturday
have been arrested
Q42 – I ………. a holiday for ages
Q43 – We ……. out on Saturday night
Q44 – I ……. it last week
Q45 – She hasn’t …….. here for ages
Q46 – I ………. to water-ski in 1993
Q47 – She ……. an absolute fortune last year
Q48 – The weather ……. dreadful for the whole two weeks we were there
Q49 – No one …… to do it yet
Q50 – I …… the dog for a walk because it was raining
Q51 – I ……….. finished the exam in time yesterday
only just finished
have only just finished
Q52 – The weather ….. dreadful at the weekend
English Grammar Quiz 1: Past Simple vs Present Perfect Simple
Understand the difference in 5 minutes! This quiz has 12 questions which test your knowledge and understanding of the Past Simple and Present Perfect Simple a tricky area for most students. You will be able to hear the correct answers and are encouraged to repeat after the teacher, to help memorise the language and improve pronunciation. A Study Tip is also given with each question, giving a brief explanation of the answer and to help you improve your English.
English Level: Preintermediate and above (A2+)
Language featured: since, ago, for x years, yet, past participle, contractions.
examen de gramatica ingles, presente perfecto vs pasado simple.
quiz de grammaire anglais, passe compose vs passe simple.
Music: \”Daydreaming\” by Orpheo (Ximer Tracks)
นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูเพิ่มเติม
Test Your English! Present Simple and Present Continuous – QUIZ
Test Your English! 16 mixed fill in the blanks / gap fill quiz (present simple \u0026 present continuous), elementary to intermediate level (with answers).
For lots more videos, downloadable audio files, and printable classroom materials on the Present Simple and Continuous tenses, please visit my site / blog:
Follow me on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/FreeESLHandouts114600995237370
Please consider helping to support this channel by becoming a Patreon member:
present perfect or past simple exercise – English grammar tutorial video lesson
present perfect or past simple exercise.
Present Simple or Present Continuous? Grammar Quiz
Did you like the video?
Write your result in the comments!
Present Simple test | Grammar quiz
Present Continuous | Grammar quiz
Present Perfect | Grammar quiz
Present Perfect Continuous | Grammar quiz
Past simple | Grammar quiz
Past Continuous | Grammar quiz
Past Perfect test | Grammar quiz
Past Perfect Continuous test | Grammar quiz
Future Simple | Grammar quiz
Future Continuous | Grammar quiz
Future Perfect | Grammar test
Future Perfect Continuous | Grammar quiz
PAST SIMPLE or PRESENT PERFECT? | Let’s learn and compare! – English Tenses
past simple | present perfect | English tenses Let’s learn and compare the differences.
In today’s video, I teach you how to use the past simple and the present perfect. I know these two tenses can be confusing, so I break the grammar down into 6 easy steps.
Practice this grammar and leave me a couple of examples 🙂
You might also like:
PRESENT PERFECT or PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS: https://youtu.be/ncQ_PSr_TEo
PRESENT SIMPLE or PRESENT CONTINUOUS:
STILL ALREADY JUST YET:
If you SUBSCRIBE to my channel and turn on those NOTIFICATIONS, you’ll never miss a lesson.
Would you like to SUPPORT my channel? https://kofi.com/arnel
I hope this lesson is helpful! Thank you very much for watching 😊
Cartoon Battle Vadodara by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูบทความเพิ่มเติมในหมวดหมู่LEARN FOREIGN LANGUAGE
ขอบคุณที่รับชมกระทู้ครับ past simple vs present perfect exercises