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[NEW] Future Conditional Forms | future form – NATAVIGUIDES

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Future Conditionals

Future Real Conditional

FORM

[If / When … simple present …, … simple future …]

[… simple future … if / when … simple present …]

Notice that there is no future in the if- or when-clause.

USE

The future real conditional (also called conditional 1) describes what you think you will do in a specific situation in the future. It is different from other real conditional forms because, unlike the present or the past, you do not know what will happen in the future. Although this form is called “real”, you are usually imagining or guessing about the future. It is called “real” because it is still possible that the action might occur in the future. Carefully study the following examples and compare them to the future unreal conditional examples further down the page.

Examples:

  • If I go to my friend’s house for dinner tonight, I will take a bottle of wine or some flowers.
    I am still not sure if I will go to his house or not.
  • When I have a day off from work, I am going to go to the beach.
    I have to wait until I have a day off.
  • If the weather is nice, she is going to walk to work.
    It depends on the weather.
  • Jerry will help me with my homework when he has time.
    I have to wait until he has time.
  • I am going to read if there is nothing on TV.
    It depends on the TV schedule.
  • A: What are you going to do if it rains?
    B: I am going to stay at home.

IMPORTANT If / When

Both “if” and “when” are used in the future real conditional, but the use is different from other real conditional forms. In the future real conditional, “if” suggests that you do not know if something will happen or not. “When” suggests that something will definitely happen at some point; we are simply waiting for it to occur. Notice also that the Simple Future is not used in if-clauses or when-clauses.

Examples:

  • When you call me, I will give you the address.
    You are going to call me later, and at that time, I will give you the address.
  • If you call me, I will give you the address.
    If you want the address, you can call me.

Future Unreal Conditional

FORM 1 (Most Common Form)

[If … simple past …, … would + verb …]

[… would + verb … if … simple past …]

Notice that this form looks the same as Present Unreal Conditional.

USE

The future unreal conditional is used to talk about imaginary situations in the future. It is not as common as the future real conditional because English speakers often leave open the possibility that anything MIGHT happen in the future. It is only used when a speaker needs to emphasize that something is impossible. Because this form looks like Present Unreal Conditional, many native speakers prefer Form 2 described below.

Examples:

  • If I had a day off from work next week, I would go to the beach.
    I don’t have a day off from work.
  • I am busy next week. If I had time, I would come to your party.
    I can’t come.
  • Jerry would help me with my homework tomorrow if he didn’t have to work.
    He does have to work tomorrow.

FORM 2

[If … were + present participle …, … would be + present participle …]

[… would be + present participle … if … were + present participle …]

USE

Form 2 of the future unreal conditional is also used to talk about imaginary situations in the future. Native speakers often prefer this form over Form 1 to emphasize that the conditional form is in the future rather than the present. Also notice in the examples below that this form can be used in the if-clause, the result, or both parts of the sentence.

Examples:

  • If I were going to Fiji next week, I would be taking my scuba diving gear with me. In if-clause and result
    I am not going to go to Fiji and I am not going to take my scuba gear with me.
  • If I were not visiting my grandmother tomorrow, I would help you study. In if-clause
    I am going to visit my grandmother tomorrow.
  • I am busy next week. If I had time, I would be coming to your party. In result
    I am not going to come to your party.
See also  สอนภาษาอังกฤษฟรี - Present simple | รายงาน เรื่อง present simple tense

FORM 3

[If … were going to + verb …, … would be + present participle …]

[… would be + present participle … if … were going to + verb …]

USE

Form 3 of the future unreal conditional is a variation of Form 2 which is also used to talk about imaginary situations in the future. Notice that this form is only different from Form 2 in the if-clause. Native speakers use Form 3 to emphasize that the conditional form is a plan or prediction in the same way “be going to” is used to indicate a plan or prediction.

Examples:

  • If I were going to go to Fiji next week, I would be taking my scuba diving gear with me.
    I am not going to go to Fiji and I am not going to take my scuba gear with me.
  • If I were not going to visit my grandmother tomorrow, I would help you study.
    I am going to visit my grandmother tomorrow.

IMPORTANT Only use “If”

Only the word “if” is used with the past unreal conditional because you are discussing imaginary situations. “When” cannot be used.

Examples:

  • I would buy that computer tomorrow when it were cheaper. Not Correct
  • I would buy that computer tomorrow if it were cheaper. Correct

EXCEPTION Conditional with Modal Verbs

There are some special conditional forms for modal verbs in English:

would + can = could

would + shall = should

would + may = might

The words “can,” “shall” and “may” cannot be used with “would.” Instead, they must be used in these special forms.

Examples:

  • If I went to Egypt next year, I would can learn Arabic. Unfortunately, that’s not possible. Not Correct
  • If I went to Egypt next year, I could learn Arabic. Unfortunately, that’s not possible. Correct

The words “could,” should,” “might” and “ought to” include conditional, so you cannot combine them with “would.”

Examples:

  • If I didn’t have to work tonight, I would could go to the fitness center. Not Correct
  • If I didn’t have to work tonight, I could go to the fitness center. Correct

Future Real Conditional vs. Future Unreal Conditional

To help you understand the difference between the future real conditional and the future unreal conditional, compare the examples below:

Examples:

  • If you help me move tomorrow, I will buy you dinner. Future Real Conditional
    I don’t know if you can help me.
  • If you helped me move tomorrow, I would buy you dinner. Future Unreal Conditional
    You can’t help me, or you don’t want to help me.

Future Conditional Exercises

Conditional Exercise 7Future Real Conditional
Conditional Exercise 8Future Real Conditional vs. Future Unreal Conditional

[Update] Future forms – expressing future time | future form – NATAVIGUIDES

10I love photography. I ‘m going to buy ‘ll buy ‘m buying a digital camera soon. I just need to save a bit more.

9I ‘m never going to trust ‘ll never trust ‘m never trusting you again.

8 Are you taking Are you going to take Will you take Jack to school today, please?

7What do you do will you do are you going to do next weekend?

6By the end of the month I ‘m going to work ‘ll have been working ‘ll work here for 25 years.

5We leave ‘re leaving at 9 tomorrow, because the train leaves is leaving at 9.45.

4I meet ‘ll be meeting ‘ll meet John’s parents for the first time tomorrow.

3’I’ll never pass the exam.’ ‘Don’t worry, I ‘m going to help will help ‘m helping you prepare it.’

2Somebody is at the door. I ‘ll be checking ‘ll check ‘m going to check who it is.

1He looks very pale and confused. He is going to faint is fainting will faint .

 

Future arrangements

 

Present continuous

 
We often use the present continuous to talk about future events that are already planned and decided, when a date and/or a place have been chosen.

  • I

    m seeing

    the dentist at 6.

  • We 

    are getting

    married next week.

  • I

    m flying

    to New York tomorrow morning.

 

be going to

 
We can also use be going to for future arrangements.

  • I’

    m going to

    play tennis with Elisabeth today. 

 

Present continuous vs be going to

 
We can normally use both present continuous and going to to talk about future plans, but the present continuous emphasises the fact that we have already decided a place and/or time, whereas be going to emphasises our intention to do something.

  • I’

    m going to have

    a drink after work. (=it’s my intention)

  • I’

    m having a drink

    with some colleagues after work. (=it has been arranged)

 

Future continuous

 
We can also use the future continuous instead of the present continuous for future events that have already been planned or decided.

  • We’

    ll be coming

    next weekend.

  • We’

    ll be leaving

    at 8 a.m. tomorrow.

We often use the future continuous to ask politely about future arrangements.

  • Will

    you

    be going

    home this summer?

And of course, we use the future continuous for situations or actions that will be in progress at a certain time in the future.

  • This time next week, we’

    ll be travelling

    to Paris. 

  • Tomorrow at 10, you’

    ll be doing

    your exam. 

 

Present simple

 
We use the present simple for future events that are scheduled or timetabled.

  • The train

    leaves

    at 4.

  • Shops

    close

    at 6.

  • I

    have

     my yoga class tomorrow at 10.

 

Predictions

 

will

 
We use will to talk about something we think that will happen:

  • I think he’

    ll win

    the election.

  • He

    will be

    a good doctor.

 

be going to

 
We use be going to to talk about something that is very near to happen or that we see is going to happen (there is present evidence)

  • Don’t drive like a crazy man. We’

    re going to have

    an accident!

  • The doctor said I

    m going to have

    a girl.

  
 

Future perfect

 

Future perfect simple

 
We use the future perfect simple for actions that will be finished before certain time in the future.

  • By 2050, researchers 

    will have found

    a cure for cancer.

  • By this time next year, I’

    ll have graduated

    .

We can also use the future perfect simple to talk about the duration of a situation until a certain time in the future (with stative verbs).

  • By the time I leave, I

    will have been

    in England for 6 months.

  • In 2 years,

    we will have been

    married for 20 years.

 

Future perfect continuous

 
We use the future perfect continuous with dynamic verbs to talk about the duration of a situation until a certain time in the future.

  • By the end of the year, she

    will have been working

    on the publication for over 10 years.

  • When he steps into the boxing ring on Saturday he

    will have been training

    for about 18 months.

 

Future time clauses (when, as soon as, until, before, after)

 
Use present simple to talk about the future in sentences with when, as soon as, until, before, after

  • I’ll retire when I

    m

     70. (NOT: when I’ll be)

  • I won’t call you until I 

    arrive

    (NOT: will arrive.)

 
 

Other uses of will

 

Instant decisions

 
We use will for decisions that we take at the moment of speaking (instant decisions).

  • ‘Oh, we don’t have sugar.’ ‘Don’t worry, I

    ll buy

    some.’

 

Promises and refusals

 

  • I

    will help

     you whenever you need me.   

  • I

    won’t lend

    him my car. 

 

Future facts

 

  • The president

    will visit

    the Vatican next November.

 

Offers

 
When we offer to do something for somebody, we use I will in statements or shall I in questions.

  • I

    ll carry

    that bag for you.

  • Shall

    I

    organise

    the meeting?

 

Suggestions

 
We use shall we to make suggestions.

  • Shall

    we

    eat

    out today?

 

Requests

 

  • Will

    you

    open

    the door, please?

 


Simple Future Tense – WILL / GOING TO / BE+ING – Learn English Grammar


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Simple Future Tense - WILL / GOING TO / BE+ING - Learn English Grammar

Future Continuous Tense


Learn how to use the Future Continuous Tense with EasyEnglish! This video will make it easy for you to understand this tense and use it correctly. It will also help you enrich your English vocabulary with new words and phrases.

Future Continuous Tense

Learn English Tenses: 4 ways to talk about the FUTURE


How many ways do you know to talk about the future in English? In this video, I will teach you four easy ways to talk about the future: will, going to, the present continuous, and the simple present. I will compare when and how we use these grammatical tenses to talk about the future. After you watch this lesson, quiz yourself to practice and make sure you get it. I know that you will do well.
http://www.engvid.com/learnenglishtenses4waystotalkaboutthefuture/
Hello. My name is Emma, and in today’s lesson, I’m going to teach you the four futures. Okay? A lot of you know two futures, I think. A lot of you probably know \”will\” and \”going to\”. I’m going to teach you two more futures today, and teach you how they’re different from one another. Okay?
So let’s get started with the present continuous future. So the present continuous is when you have \”be\” verb, so \”I am\”, \”you are\”, \”he is\”, \”she is\”, \”they are\”, I don’t know if I said \”we are\”, \”we are\” plus the verb and \”ing\”. Okay? So we have \”am\”, the verb, \”ing\”. This is known as the present continuous. It’s usually one of the first things you will learn when you’re learning English. So a lot of you know the present continuous, and you think: \”Oh, present continuous, it’s taking place now.\” You’re right, but we can also use it to talk about the future. We use the present continuous to talk about future that is going to happen very, very soon.
So, for example, if you ask me: \”Emma, what are you doing this weekend?\” Well: \”I’m hanging out with my friend, Josh, this weekend.\” Okay? Or I might say: \”I’m shopping this weekend.\”, \”I’m studying this weekend.\” If you ask me: \”What are you doing tonight?\” Well, you know, I want to be a good student, so: \”I’m studying tonight. I’m studying tonight.\” \”What are you doing next week?\” \”Well, next week… I’m working next week.\” Okay? So present continuous is very, very common for when we’re talking about the future that’s going to happen soon. Not future that’s going to happen 2,000 years from now or 50 years from now no, no, that’s far future. We’re talking about the future that’s going to happen in the next couple of days. Okay? So very, very soon future.
We can also use the simple present to talk about the future. So, the simple present is when you take a verb and, you know, it’s in the basic form, usually you add an \”s\”. If it’s thirdperson singular, for example: \”I leave\”, \”you leave\”, \”he leaves\”, \”she leaves\”, \”they leave\”, \”we leave\”. So this is all simple present. In your classes, you probably learned we use the simple present when we talk about routine. We can also use the simple present when we’re talking about routines in the future. Okay? So, for example… And by this I mean timetables. We use this when we’re talking about a schedule event; something that is scheduled to happen in the future. So, this usually has to do with when we’re talking about transportation; trains, airplanes, we can use this tense. We can use it when we’re talking about TV shows. We can use it when we’re talking about restaurants opening and closing, or stores, when they open and close. So we use this when we’re thinking about a schedule or a timetable.
So here are some examples: \”The last train leaves at 6pm today.\” So 6pm hasn’t happened yet. It’s in the future, but because this is a schedule event, it’s a timetable event, it’s a schedule, we can use the simple present. Here’s another example: \”The restaurant opens at 5pm today.\” So this hasn’t happened yet. Right now, it is 2pm. This is going to happen in the future. But still, I use the simple present because this is a schedule. Okay? Every day the restaurant opens at 5pm. Here’s a third example, I like watching TV, imagine I like The Big Bang Theory: \”My TV show, The Big Bang Theory, starts at 4pm.\” So again, it’s a routine, it’s a schedule that takes place in the future, but it’s still a schedule so we can use the simple present here. All right, so these two, even though they’re present tenses, they can be used for the future.
Now let’s look at the two verbs we commonly use for the future or we commonly think of as future verbs. \”Be going to\” + a verb and \”will\”. So, \”be going to\” + verb: \”I’m going to study.\”, \”I’m going to sleep.\”, \”You are going to watch a video.\” Okay? These are examples of the \”be going to\” + verb future. So we use this when we’re talking about the near future. Similar to this… So it’s not a future that’s very, very far away; it’s soon, but it’s a future where we think something is going to happen, and we have evidence that something is going to happen.

Learn English Tenses: 4 ways to talk about the FUTURE

شرح قاعدة Future forms | انجليزي أول ثانوي المنهاج الاردني الجديد


شرح قاعدة Future forms | انجليزي أول ثانوي المنهاج الاردني الجديد

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شرح قاعدة Future forms | انجليزي أول ثانوي المنهاج الاردني الجديد

What are you going to do? Simple Future Tense – Will/ Be Going To/ Be+ing


In English, there are several ways of talking about events in the future. Present Continuous is used for arrangements, when it’s about a plan with a specific time and date. Be Going To is used for intentions and predictions based on current circumstances.
Simple Future Will is used for promises, requests, instant decisions, predictions and future facts.

What are you going to do? Simple Future Tense - Will/ Be Going To/ Be+ing

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