Home » [NEW] 1 | ตัวอย่าง ประโยค definition – NATAVIGUIDES

[NEW] 1 | ตัวอย่าง ประโยค definition – NATAVIGUIDES

ตัวอย่าง ประโยค definition: คุณกำลังดูกระทู้



(main clause) �Ѻ͹ػ���¤ (subordinate
clause) ����������ö���������Ӿѧ

complex sentences ����ö��ṡ�͡�� 3 ���������

1) adjective clauses
(relative clause)

2) noun

3) adverb


1. Adjective
Clauses (Relative Clauses)
��͢��¤ӹ�� ���Ҩ���੾�Фӹ����������������������������ǡѺ�ӹ�����

    adjective clauses ������Ѻ����¤��ѡ���� relative pronoun (�� who,
whom, whose, + whom, which, of which, +
which, that) ��� relative adverb (�� where,
when, why) ��觷�˹�ҷ���иҹ ���� ������ǹ����� adjective
clause ����

clauses �Ҩ���͡�� 3 ���������

1.1 �繻���¤�س�Ѿ������੾�Фӹ�����١����  
��з����ӹ��㹻���¤��ѡ�դ��������ա���ҧ˹�� ��

who get grade A in all subjects will be sent for special training in the

[͹ػ���¤ who get grade A in all subjects �� restrictive
relative clause �����੾����ҹѡ���¹������ͺ���ô A �ء�Ԫ�  (����Ǥ�� �����ѡ���¹�ء��) �ж١�������Ѻ���ͺ������ɷ���������Ѱ����ԡ� 
����ҡ����ջ���¤�س�Ѿ����੾�й����¤ӹ�� students ��еդ������������ ���¶֧�ѡ���¹�ء��]

who do such silly things are fools.

[͹ػ���¤ who do such silly things �� restrictive
relative clause �����੾����Ҥ��������������� ��� �
Ẻ���  (����Ǥ��
����褹�ء��) �繤��� �һѭ��
����ҡ����ջ���¤�س�Ѿ����੾�й����¤ӹ�� people ��еդ������������

Tell me the
reason why you didn�t
do your homework.

[͹ػ���¤ why you didn�t
do your homework �� restrictive relative clause �����੾�� �˵ؼ���ҷ����س�֧���ӡ�ú�ҹ  (����Ǥ��
������˵ؼ�����ͧ㴡���)  ����ҡ����ջ���¤�س�Ѿ����੾�й����¤ӹ�� reason ���Ҩ�դ������������ ���¶֧�˵ؼ�����ͧ㴡��� �����˵ؼ���� � ]


1.2 �繻���¤�س�Ѿ�����������������������ǡѺ�ӹ��������  ���������

Phu, who wrote �Phra
was one of the most famous poets in Thailand.

[͹ػ���¤ who wrote �Phra
Aphaimanee� �� non-restrictive relative clause ���������������������
�ع���������繤����������ͧ����������  ��������բ�ͤ����������������  ������ö������ç�ѹ������¶֧�ع�����

parents, who left her with her grandmother, came back.

[͹ػ���¤ who left her with her grandmother �� non-restrictive
relative clause ��������������������� ������ͧ����觷�������Ѻ���  ��������բ�ͤ����������������  ������ö������ç�ѹ������¶֧
������ͧ�� (����褹���) ��Ѻ������]


���   �ҡ��觢��  ��������º��º������ҧ����������Ф��

l (whom) Suchart is going to marry is over twenty-five.

whom Suchart is going to marry, is over

which runs through Bangkok is now polluted.

which runs through Bangkok, is now

works at where radios are produced.

works at , where radios are produced.

visited me when I did not go to work.

visited me , when I did not go to work.


1.3 �繻���¤�س�Ѿ������������ which
����᷹����¤���͢�ͤ�������Ң�ҧ˹�ҷ�����  which ����˹�ҷ���繻�иҹ
�����ç ���͡��������ѧ�ؾ��� adjective clauses �¨��� comma
��������ҧ��ͤ����á�Ѻ��ͤ�����ѧ  ��

He is a kind,
gentle, and well-behaved person, which made his parents very proud of him.

She came very
late, with which I was very dissatisfied.

considered them all fools, to which they replied with angry cries.


2. Noun

2.1   ��˹�һ���¤�͡����
����Ҩ���¡ noun clause ��Դ������ �that�
clause ��觷�˹�ҷ�����������ҧ㹻���¤ �� �� subject,
object, complement  ���
apposition  �ѧ������ҧ���仹��


                That he failed the final exam .



                                I know that she will arrive here tonight.

Subj.  V.                           


                                His excuse was that the traffic jam was so congested.

                Subj.  V.                                            


                                She made the announcement that they were married.

Subj.  V.                



noun clause �� subject ����ö����¹�繻���¤����鹵鹴���
�It� �� �ѧ������ҧ���仹��

That he
passed the course .



It is a miracle that he passed the


2.2   ����  what, whatever, who, whoever,
whom, whomever, whose, which, whichever, where, when, why ��� how  ��觤����Фӡ��դ�����������Ըա����ᵡ��ҧ�ѹ�͡�  �ѧ������ҧ���仹��

Tell me what
your name is.

John told me who
rang me yesterday.

I don�t like whomever he goes out with.

Could you
tell me whose car this is?

You can take whichever
you like.

She told me where
I should buy a diamond ring.

He wanted to
know when Ploy would come back from Ireland.

I don�t understand why Paul and Jenny
broke up.

How you won
the scholarship was a bit surprising to me.


2.3  ���˹�� noun
clause 㹤���������� ���������  �ѧ������ҧ���仹��

Whether Nancy
will come here (or not) is not important.

Do you know whether
/ if John is coming here again this year?


3. Adverb
��͢��¤ӡ���� �Ӥس�Ѿ�� ��Фӡ��������ɳ�㹻���¤��ѡ
�����ʴ���������ѹ�������ҧ��ͤ���㹻���¤��ѡ�Ѻ͹ػ���¤��������ѡɳ��  �� �͡�������ҡ�� (manner)
ʶҹ��� (place) ���� (time) �˵ؼ� (reason) �ѵ�ػ��ʧ�� (purpose) �Ţͧ��á�з� (result) ��âѴ��駡ѹ (concession/contrast)
������º��º (comparison) ���͹� (condition)
�繵� �ѧ������ҧ���仹��  


(manner) ����
͹ػ���¤����� as, in a way that, in the way that, like, as if, as

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She always
practices conversation with English speaking people as her teacher told her

dances in a way that I like.

She speaks
English as if she were a native speaker.

He acts as
though he were my boss.


(place) ����  ͹ػ���¤����� where, wherever

Put this book
where it belongs.

Wherever you
go in Bangkok, you can find places to eat.


(time) ����
͹ػ���¤����� as, while, as soon as, before, after, since, until,
when, whenever

While he was
studying, his sister was listening to
classical music.

When I was
young, I loved to go to the temple fair.

I will call
you as soon as I finish.


(reason) ����
͹ػ���¤����� because, since, as

Some of us
study English because it may help us get a good job.

Since Jane
was not a Thai citizen, she could not apply for
the scholarship.

As English is
one of the international languages, it is
worthwhile to spend time studying it.


(purpose) ����
͹ػ���¤�����  in order
that, so that

We took a sky
train (BTS) to Silom so that we could get there in time.

She takes a
writing class in order that she can write well.


(result) ��
͹ػ���¤����� so, so (adj./adv.) that

She has
failed the English test many times, so she plans to get a tutor.

Ann speaks so
clearly that every student understands very well.


(concession/contrast) ����
͹ػ���¤�����  while,
whereas, although, though, even though

Kim wants to
go to Hua Hin her husband wants to go to Phuket.

he is only 10 years old,
he understands calculus very well.


(comparison)  ����
͹ػ���¤�������ʴ�������º��º������������ҡѹ  �ҡ�������͹��¡���

Michael is taller
than David (is).

Pim sings more
beautifully than Prang (does).

Dao does not
speak Italian as fast as a native speaker (does).


(condition) ����
͹ػ���¤����� if, unless (= if �

If you
blue and yellow, you green. (�����͹䢷���繢���稨�ԧ����)

If Mr. Smith
me to his party himself, I . (�����͹䢻��Է�������)

Unless I
my work, I to the party. (�����͹䢻��Է�������)

If I
a bird, I all over the sky.

If he me yesterday, I
the party. (�����͹䢷��ç�����Ѻ����稨�ԧ�ʹյ)


[NEW] สรุปการใช้ Relative Pronouns | ตัวอย่าง ประโยค definition – NATAVIGUIDES

สรุปการใช้ Relative Pronouns

Relative Pronouns
คือ คําสรรพนามที่ใช้แทนนามที่อยู่ข้างหน้า และยังสามารถทำหน้าที่เชื่อมประโยคหน้าและหลังเข้าไว้ด้วยกันให้เป็นประโยคเดียว

วิธีการใช้ Relative Pronoun
ใช้แทนคำนามที่เป็นคน ได้แก่ who, that
ใช้แทนคำนามที่เป็นสิ่งของหรือความคิด ได้แก่ which, that

ใช้แทนคำนามที่เป็นคน ได้แก่ who, whom, that
ใช้แทนคำนามที่เป็นสิ่งของหรือความคิด ได้แก่ which, that
ใช้แทนคำนามที่เป็นสถานที่ ได้แก่ where
ใช้แทนคำนามที่เป็นเวลา ได้แก่ when
ใช้แทนคำนามที่เป็นเหตุผล ได้แก่ why
หลักการใช้คือ ต้องวาง Relative Pronoun ตัวที่เราจะใช้ติดกับคำนามตัวที่จะไปขยายและเมื่อเอา Relative
Pronoun มาแล้วต้องเอาส่วนที่เหลือในประโยคขยายมาไว้ต่อกันด้วย


The boy stole the bike. The boy is at the door.
หากต้องการเชื่อม 2 ประโยคนี้เข้าด้วยกันเพื่อให้เป็นประโยคเดียว Relative pronoun ที่จะนำมาใช้เชื่อม 2 ประโยคนี้เข้าด้วยกัน คือ who เพราะ the boy เป็นคน จะได้ดังนี้
The boy who stole the bike. The boy is at the door.
และ who ในประโยค Relative Pronoun มีหน้าที่ 3 อย่างประกันในประโยคนี้

1.เป็นคำนามแทน the boy ที่อยู่ข้างหน้า
2.เป็นประธานของกริยา stole ในประโยค “stole the bike”
3.เป็นคำเชื่อมระหว่างประโยค The boy is at the door. กับประโยค the boy stole the bike.

อย่างไรก็ตาม ถ้าในคำนามตัวที่จะไปขยายมีคำว่า the only, the only one, the best, the greatest หรือคำที่แสดงการเปรียบเทียบขั้นสุดอยู่ ให้ใช้ that เสมอ

He is the only friend that I have now.
ประโยคขยายที่มี Relative Pronoun นำหน้านี้เรียกว่า Relative Clause หรือ เรียกว่า Adjective Clause ก็ได้

Relative Clause หรือ Adjective Clause แบ่งออกเป็น 2 ชนิด คือ
1.ประโยคขยายที่ชี้เฉพาะว่าคำนามที่ถูกขยายนั้นเป็นคนไหนหรือสิ่งไหน เป็นการพูดให้ข้อมูลที่เกี่ยวข้อง (relevant information) เพื่อให้คำนามตัวนั้นชัดเจนขึ้น เรียกว่า Defining Relative Clause ประโยคพวกนี้มักจะไม่ใช่ comma (,) คั่นขยายความนั้น และ Relative Pronoun ที่เป็นกรรมจะละได้

People who live in glass houses should not throw stones.
ประโยค who live in glass houses ไปขยายคำนาม People เพื่ออธิบายหรือเสริมความให้ชัดเจนว่าเป็นคนที่ไหน และ who ที่นำมาใช้เชื่อมประโยค ไม่สามารถละได้ เพราะทำหน้าที่เป็นประธานของ live ในส่วนของ Relative Clause
2.ประโยคขยายที่ไม่ได้ชี้เฉพาะคำนามข้างหน้า เพราะคำนามข้างหน้าชัดเจนอยู่แล้วว่าเป็นคนไหน สิ่งไหน เป็นเพียงการเสริมข้อมูล (extra information) ลงไปเท่านั้น จะเพิ่มก็ได้ ไม่เพิ่มก็ได้ เราจะเรียกประโยคประเภทนี้ว่า Non-defining Relative Clause นี้ ห้ามใช้ that หรือละ Relative Pronoun ที่เป็นกรรมโดยเด็ดขาด

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Mount Etna, which is located in Italy, was once an active volcano.
ประโยค which is located in Italy ไปขยายคำนามเฉพาะคือ Mount Etna ซึ่งเป็นที่รู้กันอยู่แล้วว่าอยู่ในอิตาลี ดังนั้นประโยคนี้จะใส่หรือไม่ใส่ก็ได้ ไม่ทำให้ความหมายของประโยคผิดไป ดังนั้นประโยค which is located in Italy จึงถือเป็น Non-defining Relative Clause
เปรียบเทียบให้เห็นชัดๆถึงความแตกต่างระหว่างประโยค 2 ชนิดนี้
Jack fell in love with someone who lives in Thailand.
(who lives in Thailand – defining relative clause ขยาย someone จำเป็นต้องใส่ลงไปเพื่อให้ชัดเจน ดังนั้นไม่ต้องใส่ comma)
Jack fell in love with Somjai, who lives in Thailand.
(who lives in Thailand – non-defining relative clause ขยาย Somjai ซึ่งไม่จำเป็นต้องใส่ลงไปก็ได้ ดังนั้นจึงต้องมี comma)

ประโยค who lives in Thailand ในประโยคแรก เป็นแบบ Defining Relative Clause เพราะไปขยาย someone ให้ชัดเจนว่าเป็นใคร อาศัยอยู่ที่ไหน
ส่วนประโยค who lives in Thailand ในประโยคที่สอง เป็นแบบ Non-Defining Relative Clause เพราะ Somjai สื่อชัดเจนอยู่แล้วว่าเป็นใคร

TÍNH TỪ, ĐỘNG TỪ và TRẠNG TỪ – Adjectives, Verbs \u0026 Adverbs Definition

Một người có thể giao tiếp tiếng Anh tự tin và trôi chảy mà không cần đầu tư thời gian để rèn luyện ngữ pháp tiếng Anh hay không?
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Nhưng chưa hết đâu, ở phần cuối cùng của video, chúng ta sẽ tìm hiểu những trường hợp đặc biệt của tính từ và trạng từ.
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นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูเพิ่มเติม

TÍNH TỪ, ĐỘNG TỪ và TRẠNG TỪ – Adjectives, Verbs \u0026 Adverbs Definition

💢 พูดเป็นประโยคได้ แม้พื้นฐานน้อย I II แอดLine: @englishfitandfirm

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II แอดLine: @englishfitandfirm

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ฝึกพูดภาษาอังกฤษ ประโยคสั้นๆ ใช้บ่อยในชีวิตประจำวัน EP.3 |ตอนสั่งซูชิ

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มาเป็นสมาชิกครอบครัว English with Kru.First กันนะคะ
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Learn English Words: EXUBERANT – Meaning, Vocabulary with Pictures and Examples

✔️ LEARN 20 WORDS https://youtu.be/TSGdNMzlrcg
What does Exuberant mean? Learn the meaning of Exuberant as we define this advanced vocabulary word with a simple definition, pictures, example sentences, English pronunciation and audio.
Exuberant definition (adjective) filled with energy and enthusiasm
Exuberant pronunciation: igzooberuh nt
Examples of Exuberant in a sentence:
1. Even though Johnny was not a very good basketball player, he had such an exuberant attitude that he came across as one of the stars of the team.
2. The exuberant puppy would not stop running around the house.
3. Since Marie was not exuberant about playing the piano, she often skipped her lessons.
4. The teenage girl was exuberant when her mother surprised her with concert tickets for her favorite singer.
5. The exuberant photographer was willing to climb the mountain to get the perfect photo.
Exuberant synonyms and other related words for Exuberant
enthusiastic, profuse, cheerful, lush, ebullient, luxuriant, lavish, happy, excited, lively, animated, joyful, abundant, effervescent, vivacious, ardent, riotous, affluent, prodigal, spirited, splendid, extravagant, prolific, superabundant, vigorous, copious, gay, hearty, highspirited, passionate
Dictionary Definition \u0026 Sentences Page
► http://VocabularyVideos.com a memorable name that’ll redirect you to our word of the day vocabulary videos.
► https://WordsinaSentence.com our sentence dictionary Website, where we define words with sentences
► https://Twitter.com/vocabularyhelp Twitter account for my vocabularic tweets ✔️ LEARN 20 WORDS https://youtu.be/TSGdNMzlrcg

Learn English Words: EXUBERANT - Meaning, Vocabulary with Pictures and Examples

TOEFL Reading: How to Answer Summary Questions

Download a free and complete practice test at www.tstprep.com
Here are a few helpful timestamps.
00:00 Strategy problem or vocabulary problem?
2:24 Summary question overview
6:30 Strategy 1: Read the sentence and eliminate choices that are not connected to it
17:30 Strategy 2: General statements are more likely to be correct than details
22:19 Strategy 3: Check the topic sentence of each paragraph
31:14 Summary question practice
49:08 How to improve your vocabulary
In this free webinar, you will learn advanced tips, tricks, and strategies for finding the correct answer to summary questions for the TOEFL Reading. By the end of this short presentation, you will know exactly what you have to do for summary questions in the TOEFL Reading section. Hosted by TST Prep Head Instructor Josh MacPherson, this handson workshop will include multiple sample questions and an interactive classroom experience that will have you ready to make inferences on test day.

TOEFL Reading: How to Answer Summary Questions

นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูบทความเพิ่มเติมในหมวดหมู่MAKE MONEY ONLINE

ขอบคุณมากสำหรับการดูหัวข้อโพสต์ ตัวอย่าง ประโยค definition

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