Learn English Tenses: PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS or PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS?
นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูความรู้เพิ่มเติมที่นี่
What’s the difference between “I have been working” and “I had been working”? In this English class, we will compare the PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS tense and the PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS tense. After watching, you won’t be confused ever again on when you should use each of these tenses. We’ll review when to use each tense, how to form them, and what common mistakes to avoid. We’ll also do practice exercises together, so you can be correct and confident when speaking and writing in English. This video is part of my engVid series on English verb tenses, which can upgrade your general, business, or academic English, including for exams like the IELTS or TOEFL. The next class in this series is the future perfect tense.
Take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/presentperfectcontinuousorpastperfectcontinuous/
In this lesson:
Comparison: Present Perfect Continuous or Past Perfect Continuous? 0:00
How to use Present Perfect Continuous \u0026 Past Perfect Continuous 4:51
Practice: Present Perfect Continuous or Past Perfect Continuous? 8:59
Present Perfect vs Present Perfect Continuous | When to use each so that you don’t make mistakes
This lesson is a real deep dive into the present perfect and present perfect continuous verb tenses, so it’s certainly more advanced English grammar.
The present perfect and present perfect continuous may certainly confuse some English learners, possibly because there are many language that do not even have these verb tenses. But in order to improve your comprehension and fluency, it’s important to know how these verb tenses are used and understand the difference between them.
So I’m going to give you a detailed explanation for both verb tenses, telling you how and why they are used. And then I’m going to teach you the difference between the present perfect and present perfect continuous, which is going to help you communicate more clearly and effectively.
0:00 Improve your English grammar
0:52 Present Perfect how and when to use it
3:06 Present Perfect Continuous how and when to use it
5:17 Differences between present perfect \u0026 present perfect continuous
7:26 I have studied English. vs I have been studying English.
9:30 Verbs that basically mean the same thing for both tenses
10:08 Slight difference between the verb tenses (permanent vs temporary)
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Present Perfect Simple vs Continuous – The Difference between these Two Tenses (+ FREE PDF)
Present Perfect Simple vs Continuous The Difference between these Two Tenses (PDF Available) https://www.tofluency.com/ppsc/ (free PDF) This video explains how you can use the present perfect simple and continuous and the difference between these two tenses.
//////// TRANSCRIPT ////////
Hello. This is Jack from tofluency.com. And in this video, you’re going to learn about the present perfect, so keep watching!
Daniela from Italy asks, \”What’s the different between the present perfect simple and the present perfect continuous?\”
Thank you for your question. The first thing to know when looking at the difference between the present perfect simple and the present perfect continuous is that it can be quite complex and it can be flexible. So, there are times when you can use both tenses; there are times that the different tenses only make a small difference. And also, there are lots of little situations when we use one or when we use the other.
But in this video, I’m going to focus on the two main differences. I do have a free download that you can get that goes into this into more depth, but in this video, I’m just going to focus on the two main differences.
The first way to think about the difference between these two tenses is whether you are focusing on an action or a result. So, here is one example, \”I’ve been reading all day\” this is the present perfect continuous. The second example is \”I’ve read 100 pages today\” this is the present perfect simple.
Looking at the first example, the present perfect continuous I’ve been reading all day what we can say about it is this: it focuses on the act of reading. The action: ‘been reading’. So, when you’re using the present perfect continuous here, a lot of the time we are focusing on the action I’ve been reading all day.
However, in the second example, \”I’ve read 100 pages today\” this is the present perfect simple and it focuses on the result so, we’re focusing on the 100 pages, the result of the action. So, that is the first difference and, as I said, there is a download with more examples.
The second difference is about continuous and noncontinuous verbs. Because we can use both tenses for something that started in the past but continues in the present. And as I say here, we can use both depending on the verb.
Here are two examples: \”I’ve known him for a long time\”\”I’ve been helping him for a long time.\” So, both are talking about something that started in the past and continue in the present. But, in one example we use the present perfect simple and in the other we use the present perfect continuous.
Looking at the first example, \”I’ve known him for a long time\” ‘to know’ is a noncontinuous verb. For example, we don’t say, \”I am knowing him\” instead we say \”I know him.\” And that is why we don’t say \”I have been knowing him for a long time\” instead we say \”I have known him for a long time.\” So, because ‘to know’ is a noncontinuous verb, we use this in the present perfect simple. An action that started in the past, but continues in the present.
The second example, \”I’ve been helping him for a long time\” is the present perfect continuous. ‘To help’ is a continuous verb. \”I’ve been helping him for a long time.\” So this is when we use it in the present perfect continuous. Now, some verbs can be used in both tenses. For example, you can say, \”I’ve lived here for 5 years.\” Or \”I’ve been living here for 5 years.\” So, with some verbs, we can use them in both tenses.
That has given you an overview of the difference between the present perfect simple and the present perfect continuous. But do not go just yet… because I have a free worksheet for you. It’s going to summarize the difference between these two tenses, give you more examples, and there’s also an exercise for you to do. So, click the link to download that and I’ll see you next time!
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Present Simple or Present Continuous? Grammar Quiz
Did you like the video?
Write your result in the comments!
Present Simple test | Grammar quiz
Present Continuous | Grammar quiz
Present Perfect | Grammar quiz
Present Perfect Continuous | Grammar quiz
Past simple | Grammar quiz
Past Continuous | Grammar quiz
Past Perfect test | Grammar quiz
Past Perfect Continuous test | Grammar quiz
Future Simple | Grammar quiz
Future Continuous | Grammar quiz
Future Perfect | Grammar test
Future Perfect Continuous | Grammar quiz
Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Simple: Tom’s Story (A comical story of Tom, the ESL student – Video)
Follow Tom in his everyday life and teach the present perfect tense by contrasting it with the past simple to preintermediate level ESL learners.
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For more creative, engaging and interactive animated grammar teaching videos, please visit our website.
For the “No Music” version of this video, please click here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SnYv8rB32WE\u0026feature=youtu.be
Title of English / ESL Video:
Target English Grammar:
Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Simple Tense
Student Proficiency Level:
Preintermediate level grammar
– Play the video in class after delivering a warmup activity first.
– Pause the video whenever the narrator asks students a question to give students time to answer. For example, after elicitations and concept checking questions (CCQs).
Summary of English Grammar: Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Simple
Approximate chronological order:
Rules and Explanation:
– Past events
– Recent past events
– Unfinished states
Timeline: Past Events
– The present perfect simple tense indicates that something happened in the past.
– We don’t know when it happened. We just know it happened in the past some time between the day that you were born until now.
Visual Representation of Example:
– Example: I’ve been to Australia.
– This means some time in the past, you went to Australia.
– been vs. gone: Gone means you went there, but you’re still not back yet. Been means you went there, and then you left.
– We often use never to emphasize negatives and ever to emphasize questions.
– Example: Have you ever been to America? (No, I’ve never been to America.)
Recent Past Events:
– Example 1: Mum, have you finished cooking dinner?
– Example 2: Yes boys, I’ve made your favourite!
– We can also use just, yet and already for emphasis.
– Example 1: Mum, have you finished cooking dinner yet?
– Example 2: Yes boys, I’ve just made your favourite!
– Example: We’ve known each other for two weeks now.
– We use for for a period of time.
– Examples: for an hour, for two days, for the last 10 years.
– We use since for a starting point in time.
– Examples: since last night, since three months ago, since the 1980s.
Timeline: Unfinished States
– We’ve known each other for two weeks now.
– The boy met the girl at a certain point in the past, and they still know each other in the present.
– They have known each other for two weeks, which means they met two weeks ago.
Simple Past: Function
– To talk about finished events where the time is known.
– Example 1: How was your date honey?
– Example 2: We broke up…
– In these examples, although the time is not mentioned, both the boy and his mother know the time of the date.
– We can use just for emphasis that an event recently happened.
– Example: We just broke up.
Subject + have/has (+ never/just/already) + past participle + … (+ for/since, time word, yet)
I + ‘ve + been + to Australia.
I + ‘ve + never + been + to America.
I + haven’t + made + dinner + yet.
We + ‘ve + known + each other + for two weeks now.
Wh/How + have/has + subject + past participle + … (+ for) + ?
How long + have + we + known + each other + for?
Wh/how question words and for are for open questions.
Have/has + subject (+ ever) + past participle + … (+ yet, time word) + ?
Have + you + ever + been + to Australia?
Have + you + finished + cooking + dinner + yet?
Ever, yet and time words are for yes/no questions.
นอกจากการดูหัวข้อนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถเข้าถึงบทวิจารณ์ดีๆ อื่นๆ อีกมากมายได้ที่นี่: ดูบทความเพิ่มเติมในหมวดหมู่LEARN FOREIGN LANGUAGE