Home » [Update] Past Perfect Continuous Tense | การใช้ past perfect continuous – NATAVIGUIDES

[Update] Past Perfect Continuous Tense | การใช้ past perfect continuous – NATAVIGUIDES

การใช้ past perfect continuous: คุณกำลังดูกระทู้

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Past Perfect Continuous Tense, Past Tenses

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

I had been singing

How do we make the Past Perfect Continuous Tense?

The structure of the past perfect continuous tense is:

subject
+
auxiliary verb HAVE
+
auxiliary verb BE
+
main verb

conjugated in simple past tense

past participle

present participle

had
been
base + ing

For negative sentences in the past perfect continuous tense, we insert not after the first auxiliary verb. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and first auxiliary verb. Look at these example sentences with the past perfect continuous tense:

subject
auxiliary verb
auxiliary verb
main verb

+
I
had

been
working.

+
You
had

been
playing
tennis.


It
had
not
been
working
well.


We
had
not
been
expecting
her.

?
Had
you

been
drinking?

?
Had
they

been
waiting
long?

When speaking with the past perfect continuous tense, we often contract the subject and first auxiliary verb:

I had been
I’d been

you had been
you’d been

he had
she had been
it had been
he’d been
she’d been
it’d been

we had been
we’d been

they had been
they’d been

How do we use the Past Perfect Continuous Tense?

The past perfect continuous tense is like the past perfect tense, but it expresses longer actions in the past before another action in the past. For example:

  • Ram started waiting at 9am. I arrived at 11am. When I arrived, Ram had been waiting for two hours.

Ram had been waiting for two hours when I arrived.

past
present
future

Ram starts waiting in past at 9am.

9

11

I arrive in past at 11am.

Here are some more examples:

  • John was very tired. He had been running.
  • I could smell cigarettes. Somebody had been smoking.
  • Suddenly, my car broke down. I was not surprised. It had not been running well for a long time.
  • Had the pilot been drinking before the crash?

You can sometimes think of the past perfect continuous tense like the present perfect continuous tense, but instead of the time being now the time is past.

See also  [NEW] รวมศัพท์วัน เดือน ปี ภาษาอังกฤษ พร้อมวิธีใช้ | the อ่านว่า - NATAVIGUIDES

past perfect continuous tense
present perfect continuous tense

had |
been |
doing |
>>>> |
|
|
|
|

|
|
|
|
have |
been |
doing |
>>>> |

past
now
future
past
now
future

For example, imagine that you meet Ram at 11am. Ram says to you:

  • “I am angry. I have been waiting for two hours.”

Later, you tell your friends:

  • “Ram was angry. He had been waiting for two hours.”

หลักการใช้ Past Perfect Continuous Tense (อดีตกาลสมบูรณ์ต่อเนื่อง) ในภาษาอังกฤษ

รูปแบบของ Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + had + been + V.-ing

 หลักการใช้ Past Perfect Continuous Tense

  1. ใช้กับเหตุการณ์ที่ เกิดขึ้นและดำเนินต่อเนื่องมาจนถึงอีกเหตุการณ์หนึ่งในอดีต

    โดยอาจใช้กับคำว่า since และ for เช่น

She

had been shouting

for help since she fell down the stairs.
(เธอได้ร้องขอความช่วยเหลือตั้งแต่เธอได้ตกบันไดลงมา)

  1. ใช้พูดถึงการกระทำที่ เกิดขึ้นซ้ำไปซ้ำมาในอดีต และได้สิ้นสุดลงแล้ว

    เช่น

I

had been smoking

for 5 months.
(ฉันเคยสูบบุหรี่มาเป็นเวลาห้าเดือน)

  1. Past Perfect Continuous Tense จะ เน้นถึงความต่อเนื่องของการกระทำ (Continuity of action) มากกว่า Past Perfect Tense

วิธีการสร้างประโยค Past Perfect Continuous Tense

โครงสร้าง

Subject + had + been + V.-ing

ประโยคบอกเล่า

You
had
been
driving
for almost two hours.

He
had
been
surfing
the internet since this morning.

ครงสร้าง

Subject + had + not + been + V.-ing

ประโยคปฏิเสธ

You
had
not
been
driving
for almost two hours.

He
had
not
been
surfing
the internet since this morning.

โครงสร้าง

Had + Subject + been + V.-ing?

ประโยคคำถาม

Had
you
been
driving
for a long time?

Had
he
been
surfing
the internet?

โครงสร้าง

Who/What/Where/When/Why/How + had + Subject + been + V.-ing?

ประโยคคำถาม
Wh-

How long

had
you
been
driving?

What

had
he
been
doing since this morning?

*คำปฏิเสธรูปย่อของ had not คือ hadn’t

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[Update] Past Perfect Continuous Tense | การใช้ past perfect continuous – NATAVIGUIDES

engtome
Past Perfect Continuous Tense, Past Tenses

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

I had been singing

How do we make the Past Perfect Continuous Tense?

The structure of the past perfect continuous tense is:

subject
+
auxiliary verb HAVE
+
auxiliary verb BE
+
main verb

conjugated in simple past tense

past participle

present participle

had
been
base + ing

For negative sentences in the past perfect continuous tense, we insert not after the first auxiliary verb. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and first auxiliary verb. Look at these example sentences with the past perfect continuous tense:

subject
auxiliary verb
auxiliary verb
main verb

+
I
had

been
working.

+
You
had

been
playing
tennis.


It
had
not
been
working
well.


We
had
not
been
expecting
her.

?
Had
you

been
drinking?

?
Had
they

been
waiting
long?

When speaking with the past perfect continuous tense, we often contract the subject and first auxiliary verb:

I had been
I’d been

you had been
you’d been

he had
she had been
it had been
he’d been
she’d been
it’d been

we had been
we’d been

they had been
they’d been

How do we use the Past Perfect Continuous Tense?

The past perfect continuous tense is like the past perfect tense, but it expresses longer actions in the past before another action in the past. For example:

  • Ram started waiting at 9am. I arrived at 11am. When I arrived, Ram had been waiting for two hours.

Ram had been waiting for two hours when I arrived.

past
present
future

Ram starts waiting in past at 9am.

9

11

I arrive in past at 11am.

Here are some more examples:

  • John was very tired. He had been running.
  • I could smell cigarettes. Somebody had been smoking.
  • Suddenly, my car broke down. I was not surprised. It had not been running well for a long time.
  • Had the pilot been drinking before the crash?

You can sometimes think of the past perfect continuous tense like the present perfect continuous tense, but instead of the time being now the time is past.

past perfect continuous tense
present perfect continuous tense

had |
been |
doing |
>>>> |
|
|
|
|

|
|
|
|
have |
been |
doing |
>>>> |

past
now
future
past
now
future

For example, imagine that you meet Ram at 11am. Ram says to you:

  • “I am angry. I have been waiting for two hours.”

Later, you tell your friends:

  • “Ram was angry. He had been waiting for two hours.”

หลักการใช้ Past Perfect Continuous Tense (อดีตกาลสมบูรณ์ต่อเนื่อง) ในภาษาอังกฤษ

รูปแบบของ Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + had + been + V.-ing

 หลักการใช้ Past Perfect Continuous Tense

  1. ใช้กับเหตุการณ์ที่ เกิดขึ้นและดำเนินต่อเนื่องมาจนถึงอีกเหตุการณ์หนึ่งในอดีต

    โดยอาจใช้กับคำว่า since และ for เช่น

She

had been shouting

for help since she fell down the stairs.
(เธอได้ร้องขอความช่วยเหลือตั้งแต่เธอได้ตกบันไดลงมา)

  1. ใช้พูดถึงการกระทำที่ เกิดขึ้นซ้ำไปซ้ำมาในอดีต และได้สิ้นสุดลงแล้ว

    เช่น

I

had been smoking

for 5 months.
(ฉันเคยสูบบุหรี่มาเป็นเวลาห้าเดือน)

  1. Past Perfect Continuous Tense จะ เน้นถึงความต่อเนื่องของการกระทำ (Continuity of action) มากกว่า Past Perfect Tense

วิธีการสร้างประโยค Past Perfect Continuous Tense

โครงสร้าง

Subject + had + been + V.-ing

ประโยคบอกเล่า

You
had
been
driving
for almost two hours.

He
had
been
surfing
the internet since this morning.

ครงสร้าง

Subject + had + not + been + V.-ing

ประโยคปฏิเสธ

You
had
not
been
driving
for almost two hours.

He
had
not
been
surfing
the internet since this morning.

โครงสร้าง

Had + Subject + been + V.-ing?

ประโยคคำถาม

Had
you
been
driving
for a long time?

Had
he
been
surfing
the internet?

โครงสร้าง

Who/What/Where/When/Why/How + had + Subject + been + V.-ing?

ประโยคคำถาม
Wh-

How long

had
you
been
driving?

What

had
he
been
doing since this morning?

*คำปฏิเสธรูปย่อของ had not คือ hadn’t

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Ep 15 Tense : เจาะลึก Past Perfect Continuous Tense ( S + had been +V.ing )


Past Perfect Continuous Tense ( S + had been + V.ing)
Past = อดีต
Perfect = เชื่อม 2 ช่วงเวลา
Continuous = บอกว่าเป็นเหตุการณ์ที่กำลังดำเนินอยู่ ต่อเนื่องอยู่
Past Perfect Continuous จะเป็นเหตุการณ์ที่เกิดขึ้นในอดีต ดำเนินเรื่อยมาจนถึง ช่วงที่เราสนใจ แต่ก็ยังอยู่ในอดีตอยู่
เช่น I had been eating pizza. ฉันกินพิซซ่าอยู่มาสักพักนึงแล้ว (ในอดีต)
มักใช้กับเหตุการณ์ที่มีการมาแทรกเป็นเหตุการณ์ที่ 2 เช่น
She had been cooking for 10 minutes when the phone rang. เขากำลังทำอาหารอยู่เป็นเวลา 10 นาทีแล้ว ตอนที่ มีโทรศัพท์ดังขึ้นมา
เหตุการณ์ที่ 1 : She had been cooking for 10 minutes
เหตุการณ์ที่ 2 : the phone rang ( Past Simple)
ทั้ง2 เหตุการณ์ เกิดขึ้นในอดีต

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Ep 15 Tense :  เจาะลึก Past Perfect Continuous Tense ( S + had been +V.ing )

Past Perfect Continuous Examples


Learn how to use the past perfect continuous in English with these fun examples.

Past Perfect Continuous Examples

English Verb Tenses Conversations


This video will make it easier for you to learn and understand the correct use of English Verb Tenses through real life conversations.
Contents: Present Simple Tense, Present Continuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous, Past Simple Tense, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous, Future Will \u0026 Be Going To, Future Continuous \u0026 Future Perfect

English Verb Tenses Conversations

Speaking Practice Lesson | Tell A Great Story in English


Practise speaking with me! Tell a great story using narrative tenses with me in this imitation lesson. Speak naturally and fluently by practising out loud with me! Improve your pronunciation and natural English expression!
The past continuous and perfect continuous are narrative tenses perfect for telling stories in English! Learn and practice speaking with me!
Study \u0026 Practice Using Narrative Tenses in these lessons:
Past Perfect Continuous \u0026 Past Continuous: https://youtu.be/S70AtMUUAns
Past Perfect Simple \u0026 Past Perfect Continuous: https://youtu.be/Ey0JqLSfCdA
Read the full transcript of this lesson on my blog here:
https://www.mmmenglish.com/2021/04/01/speakingpracticelessontellagreatstoryinenglish/
mmmEnglish​ SpeakEnglish PracticeEnglish NarrativeTenses Storytelling TellStoriesInEnglish SpeakingLesson ImitationLesson EnglishLesson EnglishTeacher​ EnglishWithEmma​

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Speaking Practice Lesson | Tell A Great Story in English

Past perfect continuous in English


Learn how to structure the past perfect continuous in English.

Past perfect continuous in English

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ขอบคุณมากสำหรับการดูหัวข้อโพสต์ การใช้ past perfect continuous

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