Home » [NEW] What Is a Determiner? | determiners คือ – NATAVIGUIDES

[NEW] What Is a Determiner? | determiners คือ – NATAVIGUIDES

determiners คือ: นี่คือโพสต์ที่เกี่ยวข้องกับหัวข้อนี้

Table of Contents

What Is a Determiner? (with Examples)

A determiner is a word placed in front of a noun to specify quantity (e.g., “one dog,” “many dogs”) or to clarify what the noun refers to (e.g., “my dog,” “that dog,” “the dog”). All determiners can be classified as one of the following:

  • An Article (, )
  • A Demonstrative (, , , )
  • A Possessive (, , , , , , )
  • A Quantifier (common examples include , , , , )

The different types of determiners are covered in far more detail below.

A determiner is a word placed in front of a noun to specify quantity (e.g., “dog,” “dogs”) or to clarify what the noun refers to (e.g., “dog,” “dog,” “dog”). All determiners can be classified as one of the following:The different types of determiners are covered in far more detail below. Got it? Take a quick test.

Got it? Take a quick test.

Click on Two Determiners

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

A Video Summary

Here is an 8-minute video summarizing this lesson on determiners.

Here is an 8-minute video summarizing this lesson on determiners.

Articles (Type of Determiner)

The articles are the words “a,” “an,” and “the.” They define whether something is specific or unspecific. There are two types of article:

(1) The Definite Article (The)

“The” is called the

  • This is

    the

    lake.

  • (This is a previously specified lake, i.e., one already known to the readers.)

(2) The Indefinite Article (A, An)

“A” and “an” are called the

  • This is

    a

    lake.

  • (This is a previously unspecified lake.)

Examples of Articles

  • I’m not

    a

    troublemaker. I’m

    the

    troublemaker!

  • (This means “I’m not any old troublemaker. I’m the one you’ve all heard of.”)

  • To

    the

    uneducated,

    an

    A is just three sticks. (Author AA Milne)

  • (“The uneducated” is a specific group of people. “An A” means any letter A.)

  • The

    poets are only

    the

    interpreters of

    the

    gods. (Philosopher Socrates)

  • (“The poets” and “the interpreters” are being identified. “The gods” are something known.)

Why Should I Care about Articles?

We’re great at choosing between “a/an” and “the,” so we don’t need to delve too deeply into the rules. That said though, we’re not so great at choosing between “a” and “an,” and using the wrong one is by far the most common mistake involving articles. There are four noteworthy issues related to articles.

(Issue 1) Using the wrong indefinite article.

Writers who dogmatically follow the rule that “an” precedes a sound, and “a” is used before a consonant sound. The word sound is important because consonants – typically in abbreviations – can create vowel sounds (e.g., , ), and vowels can create consonant sounds (e.g., , , , ).

  • Buy

    a

    house in

    an

    hour.

  • ( and start with the same three letters, but attracts , and attracts . starts with a consonant sound. starts with a vowel sound.)

  • I had

    a

    unique opportunity to strike

    an

    unexpected blow.

Be mindful of the distinction between

  • An MoD official and a MAFF official visited an NBC facility of a NATO country.
  • (The and the of the initialisms (Ministry of Defence) and (Nuclear Biological and Chemical) are pronounced “en” and “em.” The and of the acronyms (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and (Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries) are pronounced “nuh” and “muh.”)

The words , , , , and are worthy of special mention. These words start with a consonant sound, as soft as it might be. If you’re drawn to “an historic” or “an horrific,” give your aitches more “huh” until you’re comfortable with using “a.”

  • The attraction of power can be a disease,

    a

    horrific disease. (Actor Liam Cunningham)

(Issue 2) Writing a job title or an office name with a capital letter.

A job title (e.g., , , ) or the name of office (, , ) is given a capital letter when it refers to a specific person or office, i.e., when it’s a ) appears before such a title or name, there’s a pretty good chance you’ll need a capital letter.

Here’s the guidance: If the job title or office name is being used for its dictionary definition, i.e., as a

  • The King was a king among kings.
  • ( specifies an individual, but a and do not. The first one is a proper noun. The other two are common nouns.)

  • The Prime Minister said: “Being a prime minister is a lonely job…you cannot lead from the crowd.” (Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher)
  • ( specifies an individual, but does not.)

(Issue 3) Capitalizing “” when it starts a name (e.g., ).

Some names (particularly band names) start with “The” (e.g., , , ). When such names appear in running text, you have a choice whether to write “The” (with a capital letter) or “the.” There’s no consensus among the leading style guides on this point, so go with your preference.

  • Did you download the The Clash album?
  • (Logically, this is correct, but it’s far too unwieldy. No one would write it. Most people would write “Did you download the Clash album?”.)

Bear in mind that you might stumble across this issue with foreign names.

  • Gina Vitale: The restaurant is called “The La Trattoria”.
    Michael Felgate: “The La Trattoria” means The The Trattoria.
    Gina Vitale: I know.
  • (This is an extract from the 1999 Hugh Grant film Mickey Blue Eyes. With more clarity of thought, the owner might have called the restaurant “La Trattoria.”)

  • Does it disturb anyone else that “The Los Angeles Angels” baseball team translates directly as “The The Angels Angels”? (Anon)
  • (There’s no fix for this one. Just go with it.)

Key Points

  • Use “an” before a vowel sound and “a” before a consonant sound.
  • When a job title (e.g., ) or an office name (e.g., finance office) is preceded by “an” or “a” (as opposed to ), write it with a lowercase letter.

Demonstratives (Type of Determiner)

The demonstrative determiners (known as , , , and . A demonstrative determiner defines where its noun or pronoun is in relation to the speaker.

and define close things (in terms of distance, psychological closeness or time). and define distant things.

Examples of Demonstrative Determiners

In these examples, the noun or pronoun being modified is in bold.

  • This

    shark is pregnant.

  • That

    one looks worried.

  • In

    these

    matters, the only certainty is nothing is certain. (Roman scientist Pliny the Elder)

  • I regret

    those

    times when I’ve chosen the dark side. I’ve wasted time being unhappy. (Actress Jessica Lange)

Why Should I Care about Demonstratives?

There are three noteworthy issues related to demonstrative determiners.

(Issue 1) Make sure it’s clear what your demonstrative determiner refers to.

When you use a demonstrative determiner, it’s worth doing a quick check to ensure it’s clear what your determiner refers to. Look at this example:

  • This

    issue will be raised at the AGM.

  • (What ? If you can answer this question quickly because the answer is evident in the previous nearby text, then your determiner is safe.)

Knowing exactly what their determiners refer to, writers sometimes assume their readers do too. All too often though, readers don’t. If your determiner could feasibly refer back to more than one thing, you’ve created ambiguity.

  • The talk will cover America’s nationally determined contribution (NDC) and the impact of a US-China trade war.

    This

    issue will also be addressed in sidebar meetings. (ambiguous)

  • (Most readers would assume that refers to “US-China trade war” because it’s physically closer to than “NDC,” but it’s not entirely clear. It could feasibly refer to either or even both.)

If you spot possibly ambiguity, a good option is to avoid the possessive determiner and just spell it out. (“The trade war will also be addressed in sidebar meetings” might be an option.)

(Issue 2) Consider using a demonstrative determiner and a noun to replace an ambiguous demonstrative pronoun.

Demonstrative pronouns are just like demonstrative determiners except they stand alone and don’t modify nouns. Demonstrative pronouns are even more prone to being ambiguous than demonstrative determiners.

  • According to his Twitter feed, Professor Smith has been selected to lead a charity climb up Mount Everest. He will cease work on Monday to prepare. That surprised everybody. (ambiguous)
  • (It’s unclear what refers to. The ambiguity could be removed by using a demonstrative determiner and a noun, e.g., , , , . There are, of course, other options to kill the ambiguous , e.g., , .)

(Issue 3) Make sure your demonstrative determiner and its noun match in number.

and modify singular nouns. and modify plural nouns. This doesn’t usually cause an issue for native English speakers except with the words and .

  • These

    kind of things.

  • (It should be .)

  • Those

    type of issues.

  • (It should be .)

Key Points

  • If it’s unclear what your demonstrative determiner refers to, spell it out.

Possessives (Type of Determiner)

The possessive determiners (known as , , , , , , , and . A possessive determiner sits before a noun (or a pronoun) to show who or what owns it.

Examples of Possessive Determiners

In the examples below, the nouns being modified are in bold. The table also shows how each possessive determiner corresponds to a personal pronoun.

Personal PronounPossessive DeterminerExample
ImyI do not choose that

my

grave should be dug while I am still alive. (Queen Elizabeth I)
youyourIf you want peace, you don’t talk to

your

friends. You talk to

your

enemies. (South African cleric Desmond Tutu)
hehisIf a man could have half of

his

wishes, he would double

his

troubles. (Founding Father Benjamin Franklin)
sheherShe got

her

looks from

her

father. He’s a plastic surgeon. (Comedian Groucho Marx)
ititsWorry never robs tomorrow of

its

sorrow. It only saps today of

its

joy. (Author Leo Buscaglia)
weourHow we spend

our

days is how we spend

our

lives.
(Author Annie Dillard)
theytheirMen are like steel. When they lose

their

temper, they lose

their

worth. (Martial artist Chuck Norris)
whowhoseThe key is to keep company only with people

whose

presence calls forth your best. (Greek philosopher Epictetus)

Why Should I Care about Possessive Determiners?

There are two noteworthy points related to possessive determiners.

(Point 1) Use instead of .

In English, we don’t have a singular non-gender-specific possessive determiner that can be used for people. (We have , but you can’t use for people.)

  • Each owner is responsible for

    its

    dog.
    ( can’t be used with people.)

So, when your singular person could be male or female, you have two options:

(1) Use .

  • Each owner is responsible for

    their

    dog.

  • (Using to refer to a singular noun (here, ) is acceptable. This is the best option.)

(2) Use .

  • Each owner is responsible for

    his/her

    dog.

  • (This is acceptable, but it’s clumsy.)

There used to be a third option:

(3) Use with a caveat.

“Throughout this document means .”
[This used to be a common caveat at the front of documents.]

  • Each owner is responsible for

    his

    dog.

  • (Avoid this option. It’s outdated.)

(Point 2) Don’t confuse a possessive determiner with an identical-sounding contraction.

Grammar mistakes with possessive determiners are rare, but spelling mistakes with possessive determiners are common. Given how common these determiners are, misspelling them (particularly if you make a habit of it) will smash your credibility. There are four common spelling mistakes with possessive determiners, but fixing all four is easy because they’re all made the same way – by confusing the possessive determiner with an identical-sounding contraction.

The contraction is not a possessive. is a contraction of or . This is a 100% rule. If you can’t expand your to or , then it’s wrong.

  • A country can be judged by the quality of it’s proverbs.

To some extent, this mistake is understandable because apostrophes are used for possession (e.g., ). But has nothing to do with possession. No, really, it doesn’t.

The same is true for (a contraction of ), they’re (a contraction of ), and (a contraction of or ). Do not confuse these with , or , or .

  • Even if you fall on you’re face, you’re still moving forward.
  • (The first is wrong. The second is correct.)

  • Forgive your enemies, but never forget there names.
  • Never go to a doctor who’s office plants have died.

If you’ve used an apostrophe, test your apostrophe by expanding your word back into two words. If you can’t, the apostrophe version is wrong.

Key Points

  • Use to replace .
  • If you can’t expand your , , or to the two-word version, then it’s wrong.

Quantifiers (Type of Determiner)

Any determiner that refers, even loosely, to an amount or a quantity can be classified as a quantifier. So, numbers (, ) are quantifiers. Not all quantifiers are so specific though. Many refer to an undefined amount or quantity. The most common ones are , , , , and (these are called in traditional grammar).

Examples of Quantifiers

  • Many

    people would sooner die than think. In fact, they do so. (Philosopher Bertrand Russell)

  • I bought

    some

    batteries, but they weren’t included. (Comedian Steven Wright)

  • Any

    kid will run any errand for you, if you ask at bedtime. (Comedian Red Skelton)

Why Should I Care about Quantifiers?

Below are four commonly discussed issues related to quantifiers that precede nouns. There are more issues related to quantifiers that stand alone (called

(Issue 1) Use with plural nouns and with singular nouns.

and are quantifiers. While there are some quirks with is used with plural nouns while less is used with singular nouns.

  • A low voter turnout is an indication of

    fewer

    people going to the polls. (Politician Dan Quayle)

  • I prefer drawing to talking. Drawing is faster, and leaves less room for lies. (Swiss architect Le Corbusier)

A key point is that is not always a determiner, even if it precedes a noun.

  • The less men think, the more they talk. (Philosopher Montesquieu)
  • (As it is here, is commonly an adverb. When it’s an adverb, isn’t an option.)

(Issue 2) Save a word. Write “all the” not “all of the.”

If you’re unsure whether to use “all the” or “all of the” before a noun, use “all the” because it saves a word. If you can’t bear how it sounds without “of”, get over it.

  • You can fool all the people some of the time, and some of the people all the time, but you cannot fool all the people all the time. (US President Abraham Lincoln)
  • (There must have been a strong urge to use “all of the” because it would have chimed nicely with “some of the.” However, succinctness trumped rhythm. Good skills, Abe.)

It’s not the same deal with “all my” (or any possessive determiner) or “all of my.” Grammatically, both are sound, but often omitting “of” sounds too awkward. Follow in your instincts.

  • All my friends left me when I was 12. (Singer Taylor Swift)
  • All of my songs are autobiographical. (Taylor Swift)
  • (Both are fine. Taylor followed her instincts.)

(Issue 3) Spell out the numbers one to nine but use numerals for the numbers 10 and above…or don’t. It’s your choice.

Writers frequently ask whether they should write numbers as numerals (e.g., ) or spell them out (e.g., ). Well, it’s a matter of style. Those who write business or technical documents tend to use numerals far more liberally than those writing stories or verse. If you want a more definitive answer though, the most common convention is to spell out the numbers one to nine but to use numerals for 10 and above. (This is by no means a rule.)

  • Success is falling 9 times and getting up ten. (Singer Jon Bon Jovi)

(Point 4) When writing numbers in full, hyphenate all numbers between 21 and 99 (less those divisible by 10).

Regardless of where they appear within the whole number, all numbers between 21 and 99 (except 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, and 90) should be hyphenated.

  • 51 = fifty-one
  • 234 = two hundred thirty-four

Oh, if you’re writing to an international audience, don’t use the word “and.”

  • 3,567 = three thousand five hundred sixty-seven
  • (There’s no comma in the full version.)

  • 25,223 = twenty five thousand two hundred twenty three
  • ( and should be hyphenated.)

Brits, far more than Americans, are likely to include the word “and” when writing numbers in full. Try to avoid “and” though because it’s widely used to denote a decimal point. So, many would take “one hundred and one” as 100.1 (not 101) and “seven hundred and twenty-four” as 700.24 (not 724). (Interestingly, if you adopt the no-“and” rule and start spelling out all the numbers from 1 upwards, you’ll reach 1000 before you use the letter “a.”)

Read more about writing numbers in full.

Key Points

  • To drink fewer coffees, buy less coffee.
  • Write not .

All the Parts of Speech

Here is a video for beginners that summarizes all the parts of speech.

The articles are the words “a,” “an,” and “the.” They define whether something is specific or unspecific. There are two types of article:”The” is called the definite article . It defines its noun as something specific (e.g., something previously mentioned or known, something unique, something being identified by the speaker).”A” and “an” are called the indefinite articles . They define their noun as something unspecific (e.g., something generic, something mentioned for the first time).We’re great at choosing between “a/an” and “the,” so we don’t need to delve too deeply into the rules. That said though, we’re not so great at choosing between “a” and “an,” and using the wrong one is by far the most common mistake involving articles. There are four noteworthy issues related to articles.Writers who dogmatically follow the rule that “an” precedes a vowel and “a” precedes a consonant often use the wrong indefinite article. That rule is not entirely accurate. “An” is used before a vowel, and “a” is used before a consonant. The wordis important because consonants – typically in abbreviations – can create vowel sounds (e.g.,), and vowels can create consonant sounds (e.g.,).Be mindful of the distinction between initialism abbreviations (spoken as individual letters) and acronyms (spoken as words):The words, andare worthy of special mention. These words start with a consonant sound, as soft as it might be. If you’re drawn to “an historic” or “an horrific,” give your aitches more “huh” until you’re comfortable with using “a.”A job title (e.g.,) or the name of office () is given a capital letter when it refers to a specific person or office, i.e., when it’s a proper noun . So, when the definite article (i.e.,) appears before such a title or name, there’s a pretty good chance you’ll need a capital letter.Here’s the guidance: If the job title or office name is being used for its dictionary definition, i.e., as a common noun , then don’t use a capital letter. However, if the job title or office name nails it down to one specific person or office, then use a capital letter.Some names (particularly band names) start with “The” (e.g.,). When such names appear in running text, you have a choice whether to write “The” (with a capital letter) or “the.” There’s no consensus among the leading style guides on this point, so go with your preference.Bear in mind that you might stumble across this issue with foreign names.The demonstrative determiners (known as demonstrative adjectives in traditional grammar) are, and. A demonstrative determiner defines where its noun or pronoun is in relation to the speaker.anddefine close things (in terms of distance, psychological closeness or time).anddefine distant things.In these examples, the noun or pronoun being modified is in bold.There are three noteworthy issues related to demonstrative determiners.When you use a demonstrative determiner, it’s worth doing a quick check to ensure it’s clear what your determiner refers to. Look at this example:Knowing exactly what their determiners refer to, writers sometimes assume their readers do too. All too often though, readers don’t. If your determiner could feasibly refer back to more than one thing, you’ve created ambiguity.If you spot possibly ambiguity, a good option is to avoid the possessive determiner and just spell it out. (“The trade war will also be addressed in sidebar meetings” might be an option.)Demonstrative pronouns are just like demonstrative determiners except they stand alone and don’t modify nouns. Demonstrative pronouns are even more prone to being ambiguous than demonstrative determiners.andmodify singular nouns.andmodify plural nouns. This doesn’t usually cause an issue for native English speakers except with the wordsandThe possessive determiners (known as possessive adjectives in traditional grammar) are, and. A possessive determiner sits before a noun (or a pronoun) to show who or what owns it.In the examples below, the nouns being modified are in bold. The table also shows how each possessive determiner corresponds to a personal pronoun.There are two noteworthy points related to possessive determiners.In English, we don’t have a singular non-gender-specific possessive determiner that can be used for people. (We have, but you can’t usefor people.)So, when your singular person could be male or female, you have two options:There used to be a third option:”Throughout this documentmeans.”[This used to be a common caveat at the front of documents.]Grammar mistakes with possessive determiners are rare, butmistakes with possessive determiners are common. Given how common these determiners are, misspelling them (particularly if you make a habit of it) will smash your credibility. There are four common spelling mistakes with possessive determiners, but fixing all four is easy because they’re all made the same way – by confusing the possessive determiner with an identical-sounding contraction.The contractionis not a possessive.is a contraction ofor. This is a 100% rule. If you can’t expand yourtoor, then it’s wrong.To some extent, this mistake is understandable because apostrophes are used for possession (e.g.,). Buthas nothing to do with possession. No, really, it doesn’t.The same is true for(a contraction of), they’re (a contraction of), and(a contraction ofor). Do not confuse these withor, orIf you’ve used an apostrophe, test your apostrophe by expanding your word back into two words. If you can’t, the apostrophe version is wrong.Any determiner that refers, even loosely, to an amount or a quantity can be classified as a quantifier. So, numbers () are quantifiers. Not all quantifiers are so specific though. Many refer to an undefined amount or quantity. The most common ones areand(these are calledin traditional grammar).Below are four commonly discussed issues related to quantifiers that precede nouns. There are more issues related to quantifiers that stand alone (called indefinite pronouns in traditional grammar).andare quantifiers. While there are some quirks with less and fewer , the general ruling is thatis used with plural nouns while less is used with singular nouns.A key point is thatis not always a determiner, even if it precedes a noun.If you’re unsure whether to use “all the” or “all of the” before a noun, use “all the” because it saves a word. If you can’t bear how it sounds without “of”, get over it.It’s not the same deal with “all my” (or any possessive determiner) or “all of my.” Grammatically, both are sound, but often omitting “of” sounds too awkward. Follow in your instincts.Writers frequently ask whether they should write numbers as numerals (e.g.,) or spell them out (e.g.,). Well, it’s a matter of style. Those who write business or technical documents tend to use numerals far more liberally than those writing stories or verse. If you want a more definitive answer though, the most common convention is to spell out the numbers one to nine but to use numerals for 10 and above. (This is by no means a rule.)Regardless of where they appear within the whole number, all numbers between 21 and 99 (except 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, and 90) should be hyphenated.Oh, if you’re writing to an international audience, don’t use the word “and.”Brits, far more than Americans, are likely to include the word “and” when writing numbers in full. Try to avoid “and” though because it’s widely used to denote a decimal point. So, many would take “one hundredone” as 100.1 (not 101) and “seven hundredtwenty-four” as 700.24 (not 724). (Interestingly, if you adopt the no-“and” rule and start spelling out all the numbers from 1 upwards, you’ll reach 1000 before you use the letter “a.”)Here is a video for beginners that summarizes

More about Determiners

The grammar world is divided on whether determiners are classified as adjectives. In traditional grammar, determiners are classified as adjectives, but many contemporary grammarians insist that determiners aren’t adjectives. This situation is unhelpful because terms like “possessive adjective” are still commonly used, particularly on foreign-language courses. Anyway, whatever side of that debate you’re on, this much is true: there are some big differences between normal adjectives and determiners.

(Big Difference 1) Unlike a normal adjective, a determiner cannot have a comparative form.

Normal AdjectiveComparative Form
Happy ottersHappier otters

DeterminerComparative Form

Those

ottersThere are no comparative forms of determiners.

(Big Difference 2) Unlike a normal adjective, a determiner often cannot be removed from the sentence.

A sentence with adjectives and determinersAdjectives RemovedDeterminers Removed

The

hungry herons visited

our

fishing lake.

The

herons visited

our

lake.Hungry herons visited fishing lake. (It doesn’t work.)

(Big Difference 3) Unlike a normal adjective, a determiner can have an antecedent (i.e., something it refers back to).

  • The

    hungry herons visited

    our

    fishing lake.

  • (Often a determiner refers back to something previously mentioned. In this example, tells us we’re talking about herons that we’ve already discussed. Similarly, refers back to some people. Normal adjectives (e.g., and ) don’t refer back to things; i.e., they don’t have antecedents.)

Why Should I Care about Determiners?

We’ve covered the issues with determiners as we looked at each type. Those aside, it will be worth learning about determiners if you have young children because determiners feature in the primary-school grammar curriculum. Your child is likely to get questions like these:

Ready for the Test?

Here is a confirmatory test for this lesson.

This test can also be:

  • Edited (i.e., you can delete questions and play with the order of the questions).
  • Printed to create a handout.
  • Sent electronically to friends or students.

Here is afor this lesson.This test can also be:

The grammar world is divided on whether determiners are classified as adjectives. In traditional grammar, determiners are classified as adjectives, but many contemporary grammarians insist that determiners aren’t adjectives. This situation is unhelpful because terms like “possessive adjective” are still commonly used, particularly on foreign-language courses. Anyway, whatever side of that debate you’re on, this much is true: there are some big differences between normal adjectives and determiners.We’ve covered the issues with determiners as we looked at each type. Those aside, it will be worth learning about determiners if you have young children because determiners feature in the primary-school grammar curriculum. Your child is likely to get questions like these:

Try our determiners drag-and-drop test.

Try our determiners drag-and-drop test.

[NEW] What Is a Determiner? | determiners คือ – NATAVIGUIDES

What Is a Determiner? (with Examples)

A determiner is a word placed in front of a noun to specify quantity (e.g., “one dog,” “many dogs”) or to clarify what the noun refers to (e.g., “my dog,” “that dog,” “the dog”). All determiners can be classified as one of the following:

  • An Article (, )
  • A Demonstrative (, , , )
  • A Possessive (, , , , , , )
  • A Quantifier (common examples include , , , , )

The different types of determiners are covered in far more detail below.

A determiner is a word placed in front of a noun to specify quantity (e.g., “dog,” “dogs”) or to clarify what the noun refers to (e.g., “dog,” “dog,” “dog”). All determiners can be classified as one of the following:The different types of determiners are covered in far more detail below. Got it? Take a quick test.

Got it? Take a quick test.

Click on Two Determiners

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

Getting ready…

A Video Summary

Here is an 8-minute video summarizing this lesson on determiners.

Here is an 8-minute video summarizing this lesson on determiners.

Articles (Type of Determiner)

The articles are the words “a,” “an,” and “the.” They define whether something is specific or unspecific. There are two types of article:

(1) The Definite Article (The)

“The” is called the

  • This is

    the

    lake.

  • (This is a previously specified lake, i.e., one already known to the readers.)

(2) The Indefinite Article (A, An)

“A” and “an” are called the

  • This is

    a

    lake.

  • (This is a previously unspecified lake.)

Examples of Articles

  • I’m not

    a

    troublemaker. I’m

    the

    troublemaker!

  • (This means “I’m not any old troublemaker. I’m the one you’ve all heard of.”)

  • To

    the

    uneducated,

    an

    A is just three sticks. (Author AA Milne)

  • (“The uneducated” is a specific group of people. “An A” means any letter A.)

  • The

    poets are only

    the

    interpreters of

    the

    gods. (Philosopher Socrates)

  • (“The poets” and “the interpreters” are being identified. “The gods” are something known.)

Why Should I Care about Articles?

We’re great at choosing between “a/an” and “the,” so we don’t need to delve too deeply into the rules. That said though, we’re not so great at choosing between “a” and “an,” and using the wrong one is by far the most common mistake involving articles. There are four noteworthy issues related to articles.

(Issue 1) Using the wrong indefinite article.

Writers who dogmatically follow the rule that “an” precedes a sound, and “a” is used before a consonant sound. The word sound is important because consonants – typically in abbreviations – can create vowel sounds (e.g., , ), and vowels can create consonant sounds (e.g., , , , ).

  • Buy

    a

    house in

    an

    hour.

  • ( and start with the same three letters, but attracts , and attracts . starts with a consonant sound. starts with a vowel sound.)

  • I had

    a

    unique opportunity to strike

    an

    unexpected blow.

Be mindful of the distinction between

  • An MoD official and a MAFF official visited an NBC facility of a NATO country.
  • (The and the of the initialisms (Ministry of Defence) and (Nuclear Biological and Chemical) are pronounced “en” and “em.” The and of the acronyms (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and (Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries) are pronounced “nuh” and “muh.”)

The words , , , , and are worthy of special mention. These words start with a consonant sound, as soft as it might be. If you’re drawn to “an historic” or “an horrific,” give your aitches more “huh” until you’re comfortable with using “a.”

  • The attraction of power can be a disease,

    a

    horrific disease. (Actor Liam Cunningham)

(Issue 2) Writing a job title or an office name with a capital letter.

A job title (e.g., , , ) or the name of office (, , ) is given a capital letter when it refers to a specific person or office, i.e., when it’s a ) appears before such a title or name, there’s a pretty good chance you’ll need a capital letter.

Here’s the guidance: If the job title or office name is being used for its dictionary definition, i.e., as a

  • The King was a king among kings.
  • ( specifies an individual, but a and do not. The first one is a proper noun. The other two are common nouns.)

  • The Prime Minister said: “Being a prime minister is a lonely job…you cannot lead from the crowd.” (Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher)
  • ( specifies an individual, but does not.)

(Issue 3) Capitalizing “” when it starts a name (e.g., ).

Some names (particularly band names) start with “The” (e.g., , , ). When such names appear in running text, you have a choice whether to write “The” (with a capital letter) or “the.” There’s no consensus among the leading style guides on this point, so go with your preference.

  • Did you download the The Clash album?
  • (Logically, this is correct, but it’s far too unwieldy. No one would write it. Most people would write “Did you download the Clash album?”.)

Bear in mind that you might stumble across this issue with foreign names.

  • Gina Vitale: The restaurant is called “The La Trattoria”.
    Michael Felgate: “The La Trattoria” means The The Trattoria.
    Gina Vitale: I know.
  • (This is an extract from the 1999 Hugh Grant film Mickey Blue Eyes. With more clarity of thought, the owner might have called the restaurant “La Trattoria.”)

  • Does it disturb anyone else that “The Los Angeles Angels” baseball team translates directly as “The The Angels Angels”? (Anon)
  • (There’s no fix for this one. Just go with it.)

Key Points

  • Use “an” before a vowel sound and “a” before a consonant sound.
  • When a job title (e.g., ) or an office name (e.g., finance office) is preceded by “an” or “a” (as opposed to ), write it with a lowercase letter.

Demonstratives (Type of Determiner)

The demonstrative determiners (known as , , , and . A demonstrative determiner defines where its noun or pronoun is in relation to the speaker.

and define close things (in terms of distance, psychological closeness or time). and define distant things.

Examples of Demonstrative Determiners

In these examples, the noun or pronoun being modified is in bold.

  • This

    shark is pregnant.

  • That

    one looks worried.

  • In

    these

    matters, the only certainty is nothing is certain. (Roman scientist Pliny the Elder)

  • I regret

    those

    times when I’ve chosen the dark side. I’ve wasted time being unhappy. (Actress Jessica Lange)

Why Should I Care about Demonstratives?

There are three noteworthy issues related to demonstrative determiners.

(Issue 1) Make sure it’s clear what your demonstrative determiner refers to.

When you use a demonstrative determiner, it’s worth doing a quick check to ensure it’s clear what your determiner refers to. Look at this example:

  • This

    issue will be raised at the AGM.

  • (What ? If you can answer this question quickly because the answer is evident in the previous nearby text, then your determiner is safe.)

Knowing exactly what their determiners refer to, writers sometimes assume their readers do too. All too often though, readers don’t. If your determiner could feasibly refer back to more than one thing, you’ve created ambiguity.

  • The talk will cover America’s nationally determined contribution (NDC) and the impact of a US-China trade war.

    This

    issue will also be addressed in sidebar meetings. (ambiguous)

  • (Most readers would assume that refers to “US-China trade war” because it’s physically closer to than “NDC,” but it’s not entirely clear. It could feasibly refer to either or even both.)

If you spot possibly ambiguity, a good option is to avoid the possessive determiner and just spell it out. (“The trade war will also be addressed in sidebar meetings” might be an option.)

(Issue 2) Consider using a demonstrative determiner and a noun to replace an ambiguous demonstrative pronoun.

Demonstrative pronouns are just like demonstrative determiners except they stand alone and don’t modify nouns. Demonstrative pronouns are even more prone to being ambiguous than demonstrative determiners.

  • According to his Twitter feed, Professor Smith has been selected to lead a charity climb up Mount Everest. He will cease work on Monday to prepare. That surprised everybody. (ambiguous)
  • (It’s unclear what refers to. The ambiguity could be removed by using a demonstrative determiner and a noun, e.g., , , , . There are, of course, other options to kill the ambiguous , e.g., , .)

(Issue 3) Make sure your demonstrative determiner and its noun match in number.

and modify singular nouns. and modify plural nouns. This doesn’t usually cause an issue for native English speakers except with the words and .

  • These

    kind of things.

  • (It should be .)

  • Those

    type of issues.

  • (It should be .)

Key Points

  • If it’s unclear what your demonstrative determiner refers to, spell it out.

Possessives (Type of Determiner)

The possessive determiners (known as , , , , , , , and . A possessive determiner sits before a noun (or a pronoun) to show who or what owns it.

Examples of Possessive Determiners

In the examples below, the nouns being modified are in bold. The table also shows how each possessive determiner corresponds to a personal pronoun.

Personal PronounPossessive DeterminerExample
ImyI do not choose that

my

grave should be dug while I am still alive. (Queen Elizabeth I)
youyourIf you want peace, you don’t talk to

your

friends. You talk to

your

enemies. (South African cleric Desmond Tutu)
hehisIf a man could have half of

his

wishes, he would double

his

troubles. (Founding Father Benjamin Franklin)
sheherShe got

her

looks from

her

father. He’s a plastic surgeon. (Comedian Groucho Marx)
ititsWorry never robs tomorrow of

its

sorrow. It only saps today of

its

joy. (Author Leo Buscaglia)
weourHow we spend

our

days is how we spend

our

lives.
(Author Annie Dillard)
theytheirMen are like steel. When they lose

their

temper, they lose

their

worth. (Martial artist Chuck Norris)
whowhoseThe key is to keep company only with people

whose

presence calls forth your best. (Greek philosopher Epictetus)

Why Should I Care about Possessive Determiners?

There are two noteworthy points related to possessive determiners.

(Point 1) Use instead of .

In English, we don’t have a singular non-gender-specific possessive determiner that can be used for people. (We have , but you can’t use for people.)

  • Each owner is responsible for

    its

    dog.
    ( can’t be used with people.)

So, when your singular person could be male or female, you have two options:

(1) Use .

  • Each owner is responsible for

    their

    dog.

  • (Using to refer to a singular noun (here, ) is acceptable. This is the best option.)

(2) Use .

  • Each owner is responsible for

    his/her

    dog.

  • (This is acceptable, but it’s clumsy.)

There used to be a third option:

(3) Use with a caveat.

“Throughout this document means .”
[This used to be a common caveat at the front of documents.]

  • Each owner is responsible for

    his

    dog.

  • (Avoid this option. It’s outdated.)

(Point 2) Don’t confuse a possessive determiner with an identical-sounding contraction.

Grammar mistakes with possessive determiners are rare, but spelling mistakes with possessive determiners are common. Given how common these determiners are, misspelling them (particularly if you make a habit of it) will smash your credibility. There are four common spelling mistakes with possessive determiners, but fixing all four is easy because they’re all made the same way – by confusing the possessive determiner with an identical-sounding contraction.

The contraction is not a possessive. is a contraction of or . This is a 100% rule. If you can’t expand your to or , then it’s wrong.

  • A country can be judged by the quality of it’s proverbs.

To some extent, this mistake is understandable because apostrophes are used for possession (e.g., ). But has nothing to do with possession. No, really, it doesn’t.

The same is true for (a contraction of ), they’re (a contraction of ), and (a contraction of or ). Do not confuse these with , or , or .

  • Even if you fall on you’re face, you’re still moving forward.
  • (The first is wrong. The second is correct.)

  • Forgive your enemies, but never forget there names.
  • Never go to a doctor who’s office plants have died.

If you’ve used an apostrophe, test your apostrophe by expanding your word back into two words. If you can’t, the apostrophe version is wrong.

Key Points

  • Use to replace .
  • If you can’t expand your , , or to the two-word version, then it’s wrong.

Quantifiers (Type of Determiner)

Any determiner that refers, even loosely, to an amount or a quantity can be classified as a quantifier. So, numbers (, ) are quantifiers. Not all quantifiers are so specific though. Many refer to an undefined amount or quantity. The most common ones are , , , , and (these are called in traditional grammar).

Examples of Quantifiers

  • Many

    people would sooner die than think. In fact, they do so. (Philosopher Bertrand Russell)

  • I bought

    some

    batteries, but they weren’t included. (Comedian Steven Wright)

  • Any

    kid will run any errand for you, if you ask at bedtime. (Comedian Red Skelton)

Why Should I Care about Quantifiers?

Below are four commonly discussed issues related to quantifiers that precede nouns. There are more issues related to quantifiers that stand alone (called

(Issue 1) Use with plural nouns and with singular nouns.

and are quantifiers. While there are some quirks with is used with plural nouns while less is used with singular nouns.

  • A low voter turnout is an indication of

    fewer

    people going to the polls. (Politician Dan Quayle)

  • I prefer drawing to talking. Drawing is faster, and leaves less room for lies. (Swiss architect Le Corbusier)

A key point is that is not always a determiner, even if it precedes a noun.

  • The less men think, the more they talk. (Philosopher Montesquieu)
  • (As it is here, is commonly an adverb. When it’s an adverb, isn’t an option.)

(Issue 2) Save a word. Write “all the” not “all of the.”

If you’re unsure whether to use “all the” or “all of the” before a noun, use “all the” because it saves a word. If you can’t bear how it sounds without “of”, get over it.

  • You can fool all the people some of the time, and some of the people all the time, but you cannot fool all the people all the time. (US President Abraham Lincoln)
  • (There must have been a strong urge to use “all of the” because it would have chimed nicely with “some of the.” However, succinctness trumped rhythm. Good skills, Abe.)

It’s not the same deal with “all my” (or any possessive determiner) or “all of my.” Grammatically, both are sound, but often omitting “of” sounds too awkward. Follow in your instincts.

  • All my friends left me when I was 12. (Singer Taylor Swift)
  • All of my songs are autobiographical. (Taylor Swift)
  • (Both are fine. Taylor followed her instincts.)

(Issue 3) Spell out the numbers one to nine but use numerals for the numbers 10 and above…or don’t. It’s your choice.

Writers frequently ask whether they should write numbers as numerals (e.g., ) or spell them out (e.g., ). Well, it’s a matter of style. Those who write business or technical documents tend to use numerals far more liberally than those writing stories or verse. If you want a more definitive answer though, the most common convention is to spell out the numbers one to nine but to use numerals for 10 and above. (This is by no means a rule.)

  • Success is falling 9 times and getting up ten. (Singer Jon Bon Jovi)

(Point 4) When writing numbers in full, hyphenate all numbers between 21 and 99 (less those divisible by 10).

Regardless of where they appear within the whole number, all numbers between 21 and 99 (except 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, and 90) should be hyphenated.

  • 51 = fifty-one
  • 234 = two hundred thirty-four

Oh, if you’re writing to an international audience, don’t use the word “and.”

  • 3,567 = three thousand five hundred sixty-seven
  • (There’s no comma in the full version.)

  • 25,223 = twenty five thousand two hundred twenty three
  • ( and should be hyphenated.)

Brits, far more than Americans, are likely to include the word “and” when writing numbers in full. Try to avoid “and” though because it’s widely used to denote a decimal point. So, many would take “one hundred and one” as 100.1 (not 101) and “seven hundred and twenty-four” as 700.24 (not 724). (Interestingly, if you adopt the no-“and” rule and start spelling out all the numbers from 1 upwards, you’ll reach 1000 before you use the letter “a.”)

Read more about writing numbers in full.

Key Points

  • To drink fewer coffees, buy less coffee.
  • Write not .

All the Parts of Speech

Here is a video for beginners that summarizes all the parts of speech.

The articles are the words “a,” “an,” and “the.” They define whether something is specific or unspecific. There are two types of article:”The” is called the definite article . It defines its noun as something specific (e.g., something previously mentioned or known, something unique, something being identified by the speaker).”A” and “an” are called the indefinite articles . They define their noun as something unspecific (e.g., something generic, something mentioned for the first time).We’re great at choosing between “a/an” and “the,” so we don’t need to delve too deeply into the rules. That said though, we’re not so great at choosing between “a” and “an,” and using the wrong one is by far the most common mistake involving articles. There are four noteworthy issues related to articles.Writers who dogmatically follow the rule that “an” precedes a vowel and “a” precedes a consonant often use the wrong indefinite article. That rule is not entirely accurate. “An” is used before a vowel, and “a” is used before a consonant. The wordis important because consonants – typically in abbreviations – can create vowel sounds (e.g.,), and vowels can create consonant sounds (e.g.,).Be mindful of the distinction between initialism abbreviations (spoken as individual letters) and acronyms (spoken as words):The words, andare worthy of special mention. These words start with a consonant sound, as soft as it might be. If you’re drawn to “an historic” or “an horrific,” give your aitches more “huh” until you’re comfortable with using “a.”A job title (e.g.,) or the name of office () is given a capital letter when it refers to a specific person or office, i.e., when it’s a proper noun . So, when the definite article (i.e.,) appears before such a title or name, there’s a pretty good chance you’ll need a capital letter.Here’s the guidance: If the job title or office name is being used for its dictionary definition, i.e., as a common noun , then don’t use a capital letter. However, if the job title or office name nails it down to one specific person or office, then use a capital letter.Some names (particularly band names) start with “The” (e.g.,). When such names appear in running text, you have a choice whether to write “The” (with a capital letter) or “the.” There’s no consensus among the leading style guides on this point, so go with your preference.Bear in mind that you might stumble across this issue with foreign names.The demonstrative determiners (known as demonstrative adjectives in traditional grammar) are, and. A demonstrative determiner defines where its noun or pronoun is in relation to the speaker.anddefine close things (in terms of distance, psychological closeness or time).anddefine distant things.In these examples, the noun or pronoun being modified is in bold.There are three noteworthy issues related to demonstrative determiners.When you use a demonstrative determiner, it’s worth doing a quick check to ensure it’s clear what your determiner refers to. Look at this example:Knowing exactly what their determiners refer to, writers sometimes assume their readers do too. All too often though, readers don’t. If your determiner could feasibly refer back to more than one thing, you’ve created ambiguity.If you spot possibly ambiguity, a good option is to avoid the possessive determiner and just spell it out. (“The trade war will also be addressed in sidebar meetings” might be an option.)Demonstrative pronouns are just like demonstrative determiners except they stand alone and don’t modify nouns. Demonstrative pronouns are even more prone to being ambiguous than demonstrative determiners.andmodify singular nouns.andmodify plural nouns. This doesn’t usually cause an issue for native English speakers except with the wordsandThe possessive determiners (known as possessive adjectives in traditional grammar) are, and. A possessive determiner sits before a noun (or a pronoun) to show who or what owns it.In the examples below, the nouns being modified are in bold. The table also shows how each possessive determiner corresponds to a personal pronoun.There are two noteworthy points related to possessive determiners.In English, we don’t have a singular non-gender-specific possessive determiner that can be used for people. (We have, but you can’t usefor people.)So, when your singular person could be male or female, you have two options:There used to be a third option:”Throughout this documentmeans.”[This used to be a common caveat at the front of documents.]Grammar mistakes with possessive determiners are rare, butmistakes with possessive determiners are common. Given how common these determiners are, misspelling them (particularly if you make a habit of it) will smash your credibility. There are four common spelling mistakes with possessive determiners, but fixing all four is easy because they’re all made the same way – by confusing the possessive determiner with an identical-sounding contraction.The contractionis not a possessive.is a contraction ofor. This is a 100% rule. If you can’t expand yourtoor, then it’s wrong.To some extent, this mistake is understandable because apostrophes are used for possession (e.g.,). Buthas nothing to do with possession. No, really, it doesn’t.The same is true for(a contraction of), they’re (a contraction of), and(a contraction ofor). Do not confuse these withor, orIf you’ve used an apostrophe, test your apostrophe by expanding your word back into two words. If you can’t, the apostrophe version is wrong.Any determiner that refers, even loosely, to an amount or a quantity can be classified as a quantifier. So, numbers () are quantifiers. Not all quantifiers are so specific though. Many refer to an undefined amount or quantity. The most common ones areand(these are calledin traditional grammar).Below are four commonly discussed issues related to quantifiers that precede nouns. There are more issues related to quantifiers that stand alone (called indefinite pronouns in traditional grammar).andare quantifiers. While there are some quirks with less and fewer , the general ruling is thatis used with plural nouns while less is used with singular nouns.A key point is thatis not always a determiner, even if it precedes a noun.If you’re unsure whether to use “all the” or “all of the” before a noun, use “all the” because it saves a word. If you can’t bear how it sounds without “of”, get over it.It’s not the same deal with “all my” (or any possessive determiner) or “all of my.” Grammatically, both are sound, but often omitting “of” sounds too awkward. Follow in your instincts.Writers frequently ask whether they should write numbers as numerals (e.g.,) or spell them out (e.g.,). Well, it’s a matter of style. Those who write business or technical documents tend to use numerals far more liberally than those writing stories or verse. If you want a more definitive answer though, the most common convention is to spell out the numbers one to nine but to use numerals for 10 and above. (This is by no means a rule.)Regardless of where they appear within the whole number, all numbers between 21 and 99 (except 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, and 90) should be hyphenated.Oh, if you’re writing to an international audience, don’t use the word “and.”Brits, far more than Americans, are likely to include the word “and” when writing numbers in full. Try to avoid “and” though because it’s widely used to denote a decimal point. So, many would take “one hundredone” as 100.1 (not 101) and “seven hundredtwenty-four” as 700.24 (not 724). (Interestingly, if you adopt the no-“and” rule and start spelling out all the numbers from 1 upwards, you’ll reach 1000 before you use the letter “a.”)Here is a video for beginners that summarizes

More about Determiners

The grammar world is divided on whether determiners are classified as adjectives. In traditional grammar, determiners are classified as adjectives, but many contemporary grammarians insist that determiners aren’t adjectives. This situation is unhelpful because terms like “possessive adjective” are still commonly used, particularly on foreign-language courses. Anyway, whatever side of that debate you’re on, this much is true: there are some big differences between normal adjectives and determiners.

(Big Difference 1) Unlike a normal adjective, a determiner cannot have a comparative form.

Normal AdjectiveComparative Form
Happy ottersHappier otters

DeterminerComparative Form

Those

ottersThere are no comparative forms of determiners.

(Big Difference 2) Unlike a normal adjective, a determiner often cannot be removed from the sentence.

A sentence with adjectives and determinersAdjectives RemovedDeterminers Removed

The

hungry herons visited

our

fishing lake.

The

herons visited

our

lake.Hungry herons visited fishing lake. (It doesn’t work.)

(Big Difference 3) Unlike a normal adjective, a determiner can have an antecedent (i.e., something it refers back to).

  • The

    hungry herons visited

    our

    fishing lake.

  • (Often a determiner refers back to something previously mentioned. In this example, tells us we’re talking about herons that we’ve already discussed. Similarly, refers back to some people. Normal adjectives (e.g., and ) don’t refer back to things; i.e., they don’t have antecedents.)

Why Should I Care about Determiners?

We’ve covered the issues with determiners as we looked at each type. Those aside, it will be worth learning about determiners if you have young children because determiners feature in the primary-school grammar curriculum. Your child is likely to get questions like these:

Ready for the Test?

Here is a confirmatory test for this lesson.

This test can also be:

  • Edited (i.e., you can delete questions and play with the order of the questions).
  • Printed to create a handout.
  • Sent electronically to friends or students.

Here is afor this lesson.This test can also be:

The grammar world is divided on whether determiners are classified as adjectives. In traditional grammar, determiners are classified as adjectives, but many contemporary grammarians insist that determiners aren’t adjectives. This situation is unhelpful because terms like “possessive adjective” are still commonly used, particularly on foreign-language courses. Anyway, whatever side of that debate you’re on, this much is true: there are some big differences between normal adjectives and determiners.We’ve covered the issues with determiners as we looked at each type. Those aside, it will be worth learning about determiners if you have young children because determiners feature in the primary-school grammar curriculum. Your child is likely to get questions like these:

Try our determiners drag-and-drop test.

Try our determiners drag-and-drop test.


Learn English – Countable and Uncountable Nouns


In this video, we will look at noun countability and how this impacts other aspects of grammar in the sentence. One thing we need to know about nouns in English is whether we can count them or not: some nouns are countable, some uncountable and some nouns can be both.

นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูความรู้เพิ่มเติมที่นี่

Learn English - Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Determiners: Articles, Demonstratives, Quantifiers \u0026 Possessives | EasyTeaching


A video outlining four types of determiners in English. Learn about articles, demonstratives, quantifiers \u0026 possessives.
Find more resources at https://easyteaching.net

Determiners: Articles, Demonstratives, Quantifiers \u0026 Possessives | EasyTeaching

เข้าใจ determiners แบบง่ายๆ ภายใน10นาที


ภาษาอังกฤษ determiners english คำนำหน้านามไวยากรณ์

เข้าใจ determiners แบบง่ายๆ ภายใน10นาที

ormCU-TEP : Grammar 11 ; Determiner


ความมุ่งมั่นของเราก็คือ สร้างความรู้ให้ถึง 10,000 ชั่วโมง
ตราบเท่าที่สมองของเรายังคิดและทำอะไรๆได้ จะไม่มีอะไรหยุดยั้งความมุ่งมั่นของเรา
เรียนล่วงหน้า เก่งล่วงหน้า เข้าใจล่วงหน้า
เราอยากให้น้องเล่นดนตรี เล่นกีฬา ทำกิจกรรม มีเวลาพักผ่อน ท่องเที่ยว ริมทะเล ฟ้าคราม น้ำใส
พวกพี่ไม่มีโอกาสได้ทำ เพราะเอาแต่กวดวิชา !
ความรู้ให้ดูฟรี และมันจะเป็นอย่างนี้เสมอไป
ซึ่งจะมีจนถึง 10,000 ชั่วโมง
ความเศร้าใจที่สุดของชีวิต คือ ความไม่รู้
อย่าปล่อยให้ใครสักคนต้องทนเดียวดายอยู่ในโลกของความไม่รู้อีกต่อไป
ขอให้ผู้ที่มีความมุ่งมั่น คือ ผู้ชนะ
ormschool
ออมความรู้ ออมวิชา ออมปัญญา ออมสกูล

www.ormschool.com ,
www.facebook.com/ormschoolclub

ormCU-TEP : Grammar 11 ; Determiner

Quantifiers : English Grammar


Note: 4’21\” Where you read \”Not many, but enough\”, you must read \”Not much, but enough\”.

Images courtesy of:
FreeDigitalPhotos.net

Quantifiers : English Grammar

นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูบทความเพิ่มเติมในหมวดหมู่LEARN FOREIGN LANGUAGE

ขอบคุณที่รับชมกระทู้ครับ determiners คือ

See also  นับเลข 1-100 ภาษาอังกฤษ | Numbers 1-100 | Learn and song | วันที่ 30 ภาษาอังกฤษ

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.