Home » [NEW] TOEIC Grammar: Comparative and Superlative | bad comparative – NATAVIGUIDES

[NEW] TOEIC Grammar: Comparative and Superlative | bad comparative – NATAVIGUIDES

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TOEIC | Grammar: Comparative and Superlative
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TOEIC Grammar Guide – Comparative and Superlative

Introduction

Adjectives and adverbs can be used to make comparisons. They are used to show what is different or similar about two or more things. There are three kinds of possible comparisons: equal, comparative and superlative.

Learning Hint:

Forming the comparative and superlative forms usually depends on the number of syllables in the adjective. Learn the rules for each type of adjective and adverb. Do not combine the two ways of forming comparisons in a single sentence.

Equal Comparison

An adjective or adverb is used to show that two things share a quality in the same amount. A quality shared in the same amount means that the two things are equal is some way. The form used to make this kind of comparison is as adjective / adverb as. The as as comparison is better known as a correlative conjunction.

Adjective Examples:

Our boss is as friendly as yours.

Her vacation lasted as long as her boyfriends vacation.

Adverb Examples:

He works as efficiently as you.

His computer can download files as fast as their computer does.

Comparative

To show a difference or to show that there is only a similarity between two things, the comparative form must be used. An adjective or adverb is made into the comparative form in one of two ways. The way that is used depends on the number of syllables the adjective or adverb have:

  • Most one-syllable adjectives and adverbs take the ending –er.
  • Two-syllable adjectives ending in y form the comparative by taking the ending –er.
  • Other two-syllable adjectives use more + regular form to make the comparative.
  • Most adverbs of two or more syllables must use more + regular form to make the comparative.
  • All three or more syllable adjectives must use more + regular form to make the comparative.

Adjectives:

Regular
Comparative
Number of Syllables

new

newer

1

hot

hotter

1

cute

cuter

1

pretty

prettier

2

lonely

lonelier

2

beautiful

more beautiful

3

popular

more popular

3

Examples:

She is the shorter of the two sisters.

She is shorter than her sister.

This fax machine is newer than that one.

The manager wants to be more popular than the previous one.

Adverbs:

Regular
Comparative
Number of Syllables

fast

faster

1

quickly

more quickly

2

sadly

more sadly

2

thoughtfully

more thoughtfully

3

politely

more politely

3

Examples:

We finished our project faster than they finished theirs.

The new copier prints pages more quickly than the old one.

He understands the course more easily than her.

The word than is usually used following the comparative form in a sentence.

Note: Never mix the two ways to form the comparative.

Incorrect:           She gets lots of benefits because she’s been here more longer.

Correct:             She gets lots of benefits because she’s been here longer.

Incorrect:           He works more quicklier than us.

Correct:             He works more quickly than us.

Superlative

If the comparison is between three or more things then the superlative form must be used. An adjective or adverb is made into the superlative form in one of two ways. The way that is used depends on the number of syllables contained in the adjective or adverb:

  • Most one-syllable adjectives and adverbs take the ending –est.
  • Two-syllable adjectives ending in y form the superlative by taking the ending –est.
  • Other two-syllable adjectives use most + regular form to make the superlative.
  • Most adverbs of two or more syllables must use most + regular form to make the superlative.
  • All three or more syllable adjectives must use most + regular form to make the superlative.

Adjectives:

Regular
Superlative
Number of Syllables

new

newest

1

hot

hottest

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1

cute

cutest

1

pretty

prettiest

2

modern

most modern

2

beautiful

most beautiful

3

popular

most popular

3

Examples:

This office is the most modern one in the building.

She is the youngest employee in the company to be promoted.

(Note: She is being compared to all other employees at the company.)

Adverbs:

Regular
Superlative
Number of Syllables

fast

fastest

1

quickly

most quickly

2

sadly

most sadly

2

thoughtfully

most thoughtfully

3

politely

most politely

3

Examples:

She can find files the most quickly.

He spoke the most forcefully at the meeting.

The word the is always used before the superlative form in a sentence.

Note: Never mix the two ways to form the superlative.

Incorrect:           He was the most wisest man I ever knew.

Correct:             He was the wisest man I ever knew.

Incorrect:           She types the most fastest out of all the secretaries.

Correct:             She types the fastest out of all the secretaries.

Irregular Adjectives and Adverbs

There are some irregular adjectives and adverbs. They do not make the comparative or superlative the same way that other ones do. They do not use either –er / –est or more / most. Their comparative and superlative forms have to be remembered:

Regular Form
Comparative Form
Superlative Form

ADJECTIVES

 
 

good

better

best

bad

worse

worst

little

less

least

many

more

most

some

more

most

much

more

most

ADVERBS

 
 

well

better

best

badly

worse

worst

little

less

least

far

farther / further

farthest / furthest

Examples:

This program is better than the previous ones.

This program is the best of all.

Incorrect:           The software we bought the muchest of came from an online supplier.

Correct:             The software we bought the most of came from an online supplier.

Incorrect:           She has to travel the far of anyone in the office.

Correct:             She has to travel the farthest of anyone in the office.

Words with No Comparative and Superlative Forms

Not ALL adjectives and adverbs can have a comparative or superlative form.

No type of comparison is possible with certain adjectives and adverbs. They cannot show a greater or lesser amount, so they can only have one form. Some of these words are perfect, unique, dead, impossible, and infinite.

Example:

Incorrect:           He was the most unique president we had.

Correct:             He was a unique president.

(Unique means one of a kind. There is no other like it, so it is not possible for one president to be more or less unique than another one.)

Parallel Structure Required

The comparisons must make sense. You cannot compare things that are very different. They must be similar. Apples and oranges are both fruits, but they are still two different kinds of fruit. So, an apple cannot be compared to an orange.

Examples:

Incorrect:           Michael’s computer is much older than Will.

(Comparing a computer to a person.)

Correct:             Michael’s computer is much older than Will’s computer.

(Comparing one computer to another.)

Incorrect:           The English that is spoken in Canada is close to the United States.

(Comparing a language to a country.)

Correct:             The English that is spoken in Canada is close to that of the United States.

(Comparing the English spoken in two countries.)

TOEIC | Grammar: Comparative and Superlative
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[NEW] English Exercises: Comparison of Adjectives | bad comparative – NATAVIGUIDES


Glitter Graphics Generator

 

 

with

 

 

 


 

 

 

big    bigger

 

 

1. Apples are   than chips.

  (healthy)

2. Elephants are

 

(big) than bears.

3. Gold is

  

than silver. (expensive)

4. Bikes are

  

than cars. (slow) 

 

 

5. I am  at English than my brother

 

.(good) 

6. My friend is  than me. (tall)

7. Sandy is than Tamara. (thin)

8. My father is  than Tom’s father. (strong)

 

9. “Harry Potter “books are  than “The Book of the Jungle”. (interesting)

10. The tiger is  than a fox .(heavy)

11. The weather is  than yesterday . (hot)

12. The girls are

 

than the boys. (happy)

13. Berta is  than Debby.(beautiful)

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14.French is   than English. (difficult)

15. Tina is 5 years old.

 

Sandra is 10 years old.

 

Sandra is  

than Tina.(old)

 

16. Russia is  than France. (large)

 

17. I am  at maths than my best friend (bad) 

 

 

18. Love

is than money.(important)

 

19. His car is

than mine. (cheap)

20. The first movie is  than the second.I don’t recommend it.  (boring)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 big   bigger the biggest

   

                                                                                            

 

   

 

  Comlete the chart: Example: short – shorter – the shortest

 

cheap – 

 

good – 

 

funny- – the funniest

 

nice –   nicer        –

 

bad –     – the worst

 

smart –  –

 

hungry- hungrier  –

 

fat –      -the fattest

 

big –    

                                         

                

 

 

 

 

 

       

careful- more careful-

 

famous-

 

difficult- –

 

popular-  – the most popular

 

lazy-     – lazier             –

 

hot-           –

 

intelligent- -the most intelligent

 

exciting-    more exciting    –

 

easy-      

                                                        

 

Comparative-Superlative Quiz

 

1. Which girl is ________? Dana or Karen?

 

young

the youngest

younger

more  young                                                      

 

12.Indian cooking has some of ________dishes in the world.
 hot  

the hottest      

hotter             

hottest

2. Tomer is _________ boy in the class.

the strongest
stronger 

strong                       

the most strong

13.That is ____________ song this band has.
the most beautiful  

 more beautiful

 bautifulest     

beautiful

3. The China Wall is _____ wall in the world.
the longest                              

  more long

   longer 

 long

14. Cities are ____________ than villages

busier   

 busy  

the busiest  

most busy

4. February is ______ than April.
short                          

the shortest 

shorter

 most short

15. Bill Gates is one of  ___________ people in the world.
the rich

richer      

rich              

 the richest

5. I am ______ at music than my old sister.
good 

better

goodest

the best

 16. Rita is __________ than the other students in class.
 hardworking 

the most hardworking  

more hardworking 

hardworkinger                                                                                    

6. Ice hockey is __________ sport in Canada.
popular  

the most popular    

more popular       

populariest

17.  Garfield is ___________ than Nemo.
the funniest

more funny           

funnier    

funny

7. Amalia is  ___________ girl in the class.
the cleverest

 clever    

cleverer

more clever

18.  German is __________ than English. 
  the most difficult      

  difficulter   

 difficult  

 more difficult

8. Swimming is ______________ than running.
exciting         

more exciting  

excited        

the most exciting

19. Your new car is _______ than my old car.
the cheapest 

cheaper   

more cheaper   

most cheapest

9. Traveling by plane is________ than traveling by ship.
fastest 

fast

faster          

more fastest

20 .New York is ________  city in USA.
crowded  

the most crowded      

more crowded     

crowder

10. Jerusalem is  _________ city in Israel.
the biggest  

big      

bigger        

biggest

21. This is  ____________ question in this task.Don’t give up!
  easier 

  easy             

 the easiest     

  most easy

11. The weather this week is _________ than last week.
 bader 

bad          

the worst                

worse                                    

                                                                           

22. This book is _______than the movie .I liked it very much. 

  interesting 

 more interesting 

 the most interesting      

  interest

                                                                                                                          

 

 Interactive exercices

 

  • Crazy quiz  
  • Comparing Characters    

   Basketball Game  

  • Spelling  

     

                                                           

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

  •       Exercise 1
  •       Exercise 2
  •        Exercise 3
  •         Exercise 4
  •         Exercise 5
  •        Exercise 6
  •        Exercise 7

                                                 

 

   Homework

  • Look at the picture.
  • Compare the Donkey, Shrek, Princess and Prince in the chart.
  • Write sentences using comparative and superlative forms in your notebook.

  • Use the adjectives: tall,  short, beautiful, ugly,

    good-looking, thin, fat, intelligent young ,old, romantic, strong

  • Draw a picture and decorate your work.

  • Donkey
    Shrek
    Princess
    Prince

    Age

    Height-   meters

    Weight-  kg

    Appearence

    Intelligence

    Romance

    Power

     

     

    Have a nice day! Thank You!!

    by Victoria

     

         our school site       

         

               


        Lesson 2: Comparatives and Superlatives.


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        Lesson 2: Comparatives and Superlatives.

        Comparatives Quiz | ESL Classroom Game | Easy English Quiz


        Teach comparative adjectives with this fun, no prep ESL Game / Quiz. This is a great way to introduce this grammar point or to review language to do with comparing two things in English.
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        Comparatives Quiz | ESL Classroom Game | Easy English Quiz

        How to Compare Things in English. Comparative Adjectives


        Practice the grammar from this video in the special MINICOURSE on my website
        https://nmodel.net/courses/comparativeandsuperlativeadjectivesinenglish
        This video is about the degrees of comparison (comparative forms of English adjecitves)
        📙Category: English grammar
        👨‍🎓Level: Preintermediate (B1)
        📄Contents:
        0:27 comparative form of adjectives with the suffix er
        0:57 comparatives with \”more\” and \”less\”
        1:58 comparative form of adjectives ending in y
        2:45 irregular comparatives (good better, etc.)
        3:10 use of \”as…as\”
        3:58 expressing big and small difference with comparative intensifiers \”much, a lot, far\” and \”a little, a bit, slightly\”
        ✏️Write your examples and questions in the comments, and we will practise together!
        englishgrammar learnenglish comparatives

        How to Compare Things in English. Comparative Adjectives

        SO SÁNH HƠN \u0026 SO SÁNH NHẤT – Câu SO SÁNH P2: // Chống Liệt Tiếng Anh Ep. 25


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        SO SÁNH HƠN \u0026 SO SÁNH NHẤT - Câu SO SÁNH P2: // Chống Liệt Tiếng Anh Ep. 25

        Comparative Adjective


        This video is based on Lesson 24, Plus 1, Year 5.

        Comparative Adjective

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        ขอบคุณที่รับชมกระทู้ครับ bad comparative

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