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[NEW] Plurals | plural – NATAVIGUIDES

plural: คุณกำลังดูกระทู้

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How are nouns made plural?

Plurals of nouns are used to indicate when there is more than one person, place, animal, or thing.

The normal method for making nouns plural is to add an “-s” at the end of the noun.

For example:

  • one boy – two boys
  • one girl – two girls
  • one pen – two pens
  • one pencil – two pencils
  • one prize – two prizes
  • one price – two prices

If a noun ends in “-s,” “-x,” “-z,” or with a cluster of consonants, such as “-sh,” “-ch,” or “-tch” (as in “watch”), we add “-es” to render it plural.

For example:

  • one coach – two coaches
  • one witch – two witches
  • one dish – two dishes
  • one box – two boxes
  • one bus – two buses
  • one kiss – two kisses
  • one waltz – two waltzes

Words ending in “-y”

When the noun ends in a “-y” and it is preceded by a consonant, we change “y” to “i” and add “-es.”

For example:

  • one country – two countries
  • one city – two cities
  • one gallery – two galleries
  • one baby – two babies
  • one lady – two ladies
  • one reality – two realities
  • one fly – two flies
  • one butterfly – two butterflies

However, when a word ends in a “-y” preceded by a , then we simply add an “-s” as usual:

  • one toy – two toys
  • one play – two plays
  • one key – two keys
  • one guy – two guys

Irregular plurals

There are some nouns that are irregular. They do not adhere to spelling rules, and so these need to be memorized.

Here are the most common ones:

  • one man – two men
  • one woman – two women
  • one person – two people*
  • one mouse – two mice
  • one goose – two geese
  • one child – two children
  • one tooth – two teeth
  • one foot – two feet

(*Persons is also a plural form of person, but in modern English it is usually reserved for more formal, bureaucratic, or legal language, as in, “Any such found to be guilty of shoplifting will be prosecuted.”)

Be aware that irregular plural nouns cannot be made plural ; that is, you cannot have or . However, is an exception—it can be pluralized as in some cases.

Adding “-ves” vs. “-s”

With some nouns that end in “-f,” “-fe,” or “-lf,” we replace the endings with “-ves” to make them plural. Below is a list of some common examples:

  • one life – two lives
  • one wife – two wives
  • one loaf – two loaves
  • one leaf – two leaves
  • one knife – two knives
  • one thief – two thieves
  • one calf – two calves
  • one half – two halves
  • one wolf – two wolves
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However, many other words that end in “-f,” “-fe,” or “-lf” are simply made plural with an “-s” on the end. Here are some common examples:

  • one chief – two chiefs
  • one brief – two briefs
  • one safe – two safes
  • one gulf – two gulfs
  • one belief – two beliefs
  • one roof – two roofs

And yet some other words can receive

either

“-ves” or “-s,” such as:

  • one handkerchief – two handkerchiefs – two handkerchieves
  • one hoof – two hoofs – two hooves
  • one scarf – two scarfs – two scarves

Unfortunately, there is no steadfast rule for which words will receive a “-ves” ending, an “-s” ending, or both—they are irregular and have to be memorized.

Words ending in “-ff” or “-ffe”

Words ending in “-ff” or “-ffe,” on the other hand, have straightforward plural forms: we simply add “-s” to the end, as in:

  • one cliff – two cliffs
  • one bailiff – two bailiffs
  • one giraffe – two giraffes
  • one gaffe – two gaffes

Words with the same plural and singular forms

We also have some nouns that remain the same in singular and plural.

For example:

  • one fish – two fish*
  • one sheep – two sheep
  • one bison – two bison
  • one aircraft – two aircraft

(*Note that can also be pluralized as . However, it is more common for this “-es” form to be used in reference to more than one

kind

of fish, as opposed to multiple fish in general.)

Uncountable nouns

cannot be made plural at all.

Although similar in nature to the above nouns, uncountable nouns refer to things that cannot be divided into individual units, and that thereforebe made plural at all.

For example:

  • rice
  • butter
  • milk
  • advice
  • news

To quantify them, we need to use a unit of measure, such as etc.

The rules surrounding these can be quite complex, so see the section on Uncountable Nouns to learn more.

Words from Latin or Greek

There are also nouns taken from Latin or Greek that maintain their original forms in the plural. However, as we’ll see, some of these words have begun shifting towards more conventional plural forms, in addition to their original spellings.

For example:

  • index – indices (indexes is now also acceptable)
  • appendix – appendices (appendixes is now also acceptable)
  • fungus – fungi
  • criterion – criteria
  • nucleus – nuclei
  • syllabus – syllabi
  • focus – foci
  • cactus – cacti (cactuses is now also acceptable)
  • thesis – theses
  • crisis – crises
  • phenomenon – phenomena

Non-existent plural adjectives

In many languages, especially languages deriving from Latin, adjectives become plural when they are used to describe plural nouns. However, in English, adjectives are never made plural.

For example:

As you can see, it is always the noun that is pluralized, and never the adjective.

Quiz

1. What is the correct plural form of the noun ?

a) batchs
b) batches
c) batchies
d) batch

2. For words ending in “-f,” “-fe,” or “-lf,” in what instances do we replace the endings with “-ves” to make them plural?

a) always
b) never
c) Only if the endings are preceded by a vowel
d) We have to memorize when to do so

3. When a word ends in a consonant + “y,” how is the word made plural?

a) By replacing the “y” with “-ies”
b) By replacing the “y” with “-es”
c) By adding “-s” to the end of the word
d) No change necessary

4. How can an uncountable noun be made plural?

a) Its singular form is the same as its plural form
b) It cannot be made plural
c) By using its original Latin or Greek ending
d) We have to memorize how to do so

5. Which of the following sentences is incorrect?

a) “There are a number of missing persons following the disaster.”
b) “Many men and women sacrificed their lives in the line of duty.”
c) “There are many different childrens trying to find their parents.”
d) “The roofs of several houses have collapsed in the last half hour.”

[NEW] plural — Wiktionnaire | plural – NATAVIGUIDES

 : Plural

Étymologie

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Du latin (« composé de plusieurs, multiple »), dérivé de (« plusieurs, beaucoup »), pluriel de .

Adjectif

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plural

Synonymes

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Antonymes

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Dérivés

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Traductions

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Prononciation

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  • France (Lyon) : écouter « plural

    []

     »

Références

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  • , 1932-1935 (

    Tout ou partie de cet article a été extrait du, 1932-1935 ( plural ), mais l’article a pu être modifié depuis.

Étymologie

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De l’ancien français , du latin , dérivé de (« plus ») avec le suffixe , de l’indo-européen commun *.

Nom commun

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Singulier
Pluriel

plural


\ˈplʊɹ.əl\


ou

\ˈplʊə.ɹəl\


plurals

\ˈplʊɹ.əlz\


ou

\ˈplʊə.ɹəlz\

plural \ˈplʊɹ.əl\ , \ˈplʊə.ɹəl\

  1. (

    ) Pluriel.

Antonymes

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Dérivés

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Adjectif

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plural \ˈplʊɹ.əl\ , \ˈplʊə.ɹəl\

Dérivés

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Abréviations

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Prononciation

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  • États-Unis : écouter « plural

    [ˈplʊɹ.əl]

     »

Voir aussi

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  • plural

    sur l’encyclopédie Wikipédia (en anglais) 

Étymologie

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. Si vous la connaissez, vous pouvez l’ajouter .

Nom commun

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Nom inanimé

Cas
Indéfini
Singulier
Pluriel
Absolutif

plural


plurala
pluralak
Ergatif
pluralek
pluralak
pluralek
Datif
plurali
pluralari
pluralei
Génitif
pluralen
pluralaren
pluralen
Comitatif
pluralekin
pluralarekin
pluralekin
Bénéfactif
pluralentzat
pluralarentzat
pluralentzat
Causatif
pluralengatik
pluralarengatik
pluralengatik
Instrumental
pluralez
pluralaz
pluralez
Inessif
pluraletan
pluralan
pluraletan
Locatif
pluraletako
pluraleko
pluraletako
Allatif
pluraletara
pluralera
pluraletara
Terminatif
pluraletaraino
pluraleraino
pluraletaraino
Directif
pluraletarantz
pluralerantz
pluraletarantz
Destinatif
pluraletarako
pluralerako
pluraletarako
Ablatif
pluraletatik
pluraletik
pluraletatik
Partitif
pluralik

Prolatif
pluraltzat

plural

Nom commun

[

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plural

  1. (

    ) Pluriel.

Étymologie

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. Si vous la connaissez, vous pouvez l’ajouter .

Nom commun

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Singulier

Pluriel

plural


\plu.ˈɾal\


plurales

\plu.ˈɾal.es\

plural \plu.ˈɾal\

  1. (

    ) Pluriel.

Adjectif

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Singulier

Pluriel

plural


\plu.ˈɾal\


plurales

\plu.ˈɾal.es\

plural \plu.ˈɾal\

Étymologie

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. Si vous la connaissez, vous pouvez l’ajouter .

Nom commun

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plural \\ ()

Adjectif

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plural \\ ()

Références

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  • (oc)

    Joan de Cantalausa, , 2002 → consulter cet ouvrage

Étymologie

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. Si vous la connaissez, vous pouvez l’ajouter .

Nom commun

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Singulier

Pluriel

plural

\\

plurais

\\

plural \\

  1. (

    ) Pluriel.

Adjectif

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Singulier

Pluriel

plural

\\

plurais

\\

plural \\

Étymologie

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Forme et orthographe du dialecte vallader.

Nom commun

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plural \\

Variantes

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Dérivés

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IELTS Listening – Avoiding the plural trap


In IELTS Listening, especially for Sentence completion tasks, it is really important to know when to fill in a blank with a plural and not a singular noun. This video gives you some good advice on this.
Để tránh mất điểm trong bài thi Nghe, đặc biệt ở dạng Hoàn tất câu, bạn cần biết cách xác định khi nào phải điền danh từ số ít hay số nhiều. Video này sẽ mang đến vài lời khuyên hữu ích đấy!

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IELTS Listening - Avoiding the plural trap

Singular and Plural Nouns: How to Form Regular Plural Nouns in English


Singular and Plural Nouns!
Learn how to form regular plural nouns in English with examples: https://7esl.com/regularpluralnouns/

WATCH MORE:
★ Grammar: https://goo.gl/7n226T
★ Vocabulary: https://goo.gl/E5Ty4T
★ Expressions: https://goo.gl/JBpgCF
★ Phrasal Verbs: https://goo.gl/Ux3fip
★ Idioms: https://goo.gl/y7wNjN
★ Conversations: https://goo.gl/pmdpQT
★ English Writing: https://goo.gl/46gmY7
★ IELTS: https://goo.gl/Tg2U4v
★ TOEFL: https://goo.gl/8Zwvic
★ British vs. American English: https://goo.gl/VHa5W8
★ Pronunciation: https://goo.gl/P4eR39
★ Business English: https://goo.gl/r7jqtB

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For more videos and lessons visit:
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Singular and Plural Nouns: How to Form Regular Plural Nouns in English

Plural noun forms


Topic: Noun
Level: Beginner
Instructions: Choose the correct plural

Plural noun forms

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Letra
Me voy pero me llevo todo lo que te ofrecí
Si un día dije que te amaba
No lo vuelvo a repetir
Las horas en la madrugada
Cuando no podías dormir
Quién era el que te acompañaba
El que estuvo siempre ahí
Si me lo hubieras pedido
Te juro que yo habría corrido hasta el fin del mundo
Para darte mi mano, pero era inhumano
No fui correspondido.
Te perdiste, de un enorme corazón
Que se encuentra en estos tiempos
En peligro de extinción
De esos que dan serenata
Pero con su propia voz.
Te perdiste, de un 14 de febrero
Que comienza el mes de enero
Y se renueva en año nuevo
Te perdiste de lo que no encontrarás
En ningún otro lugar.
Te perdiste, de un enorme corazón
Que se encuentra en estos tiempos
En peligro de extinción
De esos que dan serenata
Pero con su propia voz.
Te perdiste, de un 14 de febrero
Que comienza el mes de enero
Y se renueva en año nuevo
Te perdiste de lo que no encontrarás
En ningún otro lugar.
Te perdiste de lo que no encontrarás
En ningún otro lugar.

La Adictiva - En Peligro De Extinción

Singular – Plural : 215+ Important Words | Number | Vocabulary | Nouns | Pronouns


There are two types of number in english grammar
1) Singular Number = One
2) Plural Number = More than one
Examples :
Singular Plural
Tree Trees
Cow Cows
Watch Watches
Fish Fish / Fishes
Lady Ladies
Thief Thieves
Man Men
Mouse Mice
Ox Oxen
News News
Passerby Passersby
He / She They
Himself / Herself Themselves

\”Fish\” is used as plural to refer a single species. \”Fishes\” is used as plural to refer more than one species.

………..……………………………………..
Opposite words
https://youtu.be/6kw7egjzazA
Synonyms in English
https://youtu.be/g9oN81UZFLA
Regular Verbs in English [Part 7]
https://youtu.be/Y51tIY6kiSk
Regular Verbs in English [ Part 6 ]
https://youtu.be/3l18Wn62z_Y
Regular Verbs in English [ Part 5 ]
https://youtu.be/

Regular Verbs in English [ Part 4 ]
https://youtu.be/4Bw5VoXsEc4
Regular Verbs in English [ Part 3 ]
https://youtu.be/ueLvO35rAEc
Opposite Words
https://youtu.be/K5su4t742kA
Regular verbs in English [ Part 2 ]
https://youtu.be/D8ZxUqVcF3Y
Regular verbs in English [ Part 1 ]
https://youtu.be/VQODb8IbbRY
Single word for a group of words
https://youtu.be/ZgWGs3mqxP8
Contractions in English
https://youtu.be/SEsX6XcngjI
Singular Plural
https://youtu.be/9hVBswd9tYU
Phrasal verbs : 80+ important Phrasal Verbs | Group Verbs
https://youtu.be/gW86jSNbb_s
Antonyms formed with Prefix | 200 important opposite words
https://youtu.be/3nl049xFHbQ

Verb forms : 285+ important forms of verb
https://youtu.be/tRt6VbsVKx8
Verb forms : 270+ important forms of verb
https://youtu.be/L4f5Q_34mzU

Degrees of adjectives | Positive Comparative Superlative
https://youtu.be/JKOTmUFJ00

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Singular - Plural : 215+ Important Words | Number | Vocabulary | Nouns | Pronouns

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ขอบคุณที่รับชมกระทู้ครับ plural

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