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[NEW] Active and Passive Voice | tense active passive – NATAVIGUIDES

tense active passive: นี่คือโพสต์ที่เกี่ยวข้องกับหัวข้อนี้

Definition

Active and Passive Voices are the two ways of expressing an action taken by a subject on an object.  Meaning of the sentence either in active or passive voice doesn’t change except few structural changes. Kindly go through the below example-

Active Voice- I draw a sketch.

Active Voice is the most direct and effective way to convey the information. It a simply starts with the Subject (in this case ‘I’who performs the action) followed by the Verb (action)-‘draw’ and then the Object (on whom the action is performed)-sketch. Active Voice is expressed in the simple form of – Subject + Action (Verb) + Object.

Now go through the Passive Voice of the above Active Voice statement.

Passive Voice- A sketch is drawn by me.

Passive Voice conveys the same message as in Active Voice, but it does it in an indirect way. In the Passive Voice the subject becomes “Passive” and the Object gets the prominence. Like in the above Passive Sentence the subject ‘me’ is being acted upon by the object.

The meaning of both of the above sentences remains same and they have only structural differences. It’s better to know the rules and Formulae for both Active and Passive Voices, by going through Examples and Exercises.

Structural Formula

For the purpose of deriving a Structural formula for Active and Passive voice, we will study one example sentence in both the voices, written below-

Active Voice- I write a letter.

Passive Voice- A letter is written by me.

First analyze the ‘Active Voice’ statement: “I write a letter” – ‘I’ is the subject, the verb is ‘write’ and the object is ‘letter’.

Therefore, the Structural Formula for Active Voice Statement can be written as- Subject + Verb + Object

Moving on to the Passive statement: “A letter is written by me” – we realize that the Object appears first followed by the Verb and Subject respectively. Therefore, the structural formula for Passive Voice can be given as- Object + Verb + Subject.

Some more Example Sentences of Active and Passive Voices:

ACTIVE VOICE
PASSIVE VOICE

I ride a horse
A horse is ridden by me

I eat a pizza
A pizza is eaten by me

He wrote a letter
A letter was written by him

She wore a suit
A suit was worn by her

They called the police
The Police was called by them

How to Identify Active/Passive Voices

By knowing the order in which the Subject, Verb and Object are placed in a sentence, we can tell whether the sentence is Active or Passive. The rule for placement of subject, Verb and Object in both Active and Passive voice are given below.

Structural Formula For Active Voice-

  • Subject + Verb + Object

Structural Formula For Passive Voice-

  • Object + Verb + Subject

Therefore an Active Voice statement always begins with the Subject, followed by the verb and the Object respectively. On the contrary a Passive Voice statement begins with the Object, followed by the verb and then the Subject at last.

In the further explanations we will go through the rules of writing Active/Passive Voices and also converting Active Voice to Passive Voice and vice versa.

Rules/Charts for Different Tenses

Rules To Convert Active To Passive Voice and Vice Versa:

For changing a sentence from Active voice to Passive voice common Structural Changes are applied as explained above. The verb forms to be chosen for different Tenses are explained below with Examples-

1) Simple Present Tense

When an Active voice in simple Present Tense is converted into Passive Voice; the verb is changed into past participle form complemented with the Auxiliary Verbs – is, are, am.

TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE
PASSIVE VOICE
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
VERB FORM: First Form /Base Form
VERB FORM: is/am/are + Past Participle (Third Form)

I write a letter
A letter is written by me

She speaks French
French is spoken by her

He does not drink coffee
Coffee is not drunk by him

Does she play chess?
Is chess played by her?

They leave me
I am left by them

Pronouns I, she, he, they are changed to me, her, him and them respectively, while converting to Passive Voices.

Exercises with Answers

Identify whether the following sentences are Active or Passive and convert to other forms accordingly.

1) I stop the car.

2) He spread the cheese.

3) The pillow is squeezed by them.

4) Dogs are fed by her.

5) He starts the generator.

Answers-

1) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- The car is stopped by me.

2) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- The cheese is spread by me

3) The statement is in Passive Voice

Active Voice– They squeeze the pillow.

4) The statement is in Passive Voice

Active Voice– She feeds the dogs

5) Statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- The generator is started by them.

2) Present Continuous Tense

TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE
PASSIVE VOICE
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
VERB FORM: is/am/are + ing form of the Verb
VERB FORM: is/am/are + being + Past Participle (third form) of the Verb

I am writing a letter
A letter is being written by me

She is cooking the dinner
The dinner is being cooked by her

They are not playing football
Football is not being played by them

He is riding a horse
A horse is being ridden by him

They are buying a car
A car is being bought by them

Pronouns I, she, he, they are changed to me, her, him and them respectively, while converting to Passive Voices.  For changing from Active to Passive ‘ing’ form of verb is replaced by the Past Participle form and the reverse is applied when changing Passive Voice into Active voice.

Exercises With Answers:

Identify whether the following sentences are Active or Passive and convert to other forms accordingly.

1) Doctor is sterilizing the equipments.

2) The car is being started by him.

3) He is digging a pit.

4) They are stitching the tent.

5) The books are being submitted by her.

Answers-

1) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- The equipments are being sterilized by the doctor.

2) The statement is in Passive Voice

Active Voice- He is starting the car.

3) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- A pit is being dug by him.

4) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- A tent is being stitched by them.

5) The statement is in Passive Voice

Active Voice- She is submitting the books

3) Present Perfect Tense

TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE
PASSIVE VOICE
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
VERB FORM: has/have + Past Participle form of the Verb
VERB FORM: has/have + been + Past Participle form of the Verb

I have eaten a pie
A pie has been eaten by me

He has written a letter
A letter has been written by him

They have lifted up the car
A car has been lifted up by them

He has written two books
Two books have been written by him

They have bought two cars
Two cars have been bought by them

The same rule applies to the Pronouns- I, she, he, they are changed to me, her, him and them respectively, while converting to Passive Voices or the reverse while converting from Passive to Active. Active Voices in Present Perfect Tense have Past Participle form of the verb which is changed to Past Participle while converting to Passive Voices. The reverse is applied while converting from Passive Voice to Active Voice.

Exercises With Answers:

Identify whether the following sentences are Active or Passive and convert to other forms accordingly.

1) They have stirred the emotions.

2) He has written a letter.

3) We have studied the subject.

4) The pack has been subscribed by her.

5) The fields have been swept by flood.

Answers-

1) The statement is in Active voice.

Passive Voice- The emotions have been stirred by them

2) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- A letter has been written by him

3) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- The subject has been studied by us.

4) The statement is Passive Voice

Active Voice- She has subscribed the pack

5) The statement is in Passive Voice

Active Voice- The flood has swept the fields

4) Simple Past Tense

TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE
PASSIVE VOICE

SIMPLE PAST TENSE
VERB FORM: Past Tense Form (Second Form) of the verb
VERB FORM: was/were +  Past Participle form of the Verb

I ate a burger
A burger was eaten by me

They built a house
A house was built by them

They bought two cats
Two cats were bought  by them

She wrote two letters
Two letters were written by her

I decorated the stage
The stage was decorated by me

The same rule applies to the Pronouns- I, she, he, they and we are changed to me, her, him them and us respectively, while converting to Passive Voices or the reverse while converting from Passive to Active. Active Voices in Simple Past Tense have Past form (second form) of the verb which is changed to Past Participle while converting to Passive Voices. The reverse is applied while converting from Passive Voice to Active Voice.

Exercises with Answers:

Identify whether the following sentences are Active or Passive and convert to other forms accordingly.

1) She took the pen.

2) The prefect was sworn by the principal.

3) The samples were tasted by members.

4) People were taxed by the authorities.

5) We threw a party.

Answers-

1) The statement is Active Voice.

Passive Voice- The pen was taken by her

2) The statement is in Passive voice

Active Voice- The principal swore the prefect.

3) The statement is in Passive Voice

Active Voice- Members tasted the samples

4) The statement is in Passive Voice.

Active Voice- The authorities taxed people.

5) The statement is in Active voice

Passive Voice- A party was thrown by us

5) Past Continuous Tense

TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE
PASSIVE VOICE
PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
VERB FORM: Was/were + ing form of the verb
VERB FORM: was/were +  being + Past Participle form of the Verb

I was eating a burger
A burger was being eaten by me

He was riding a bike
A bike was being ridden by him

She was feeding the cats
The cats were being fed by her

They were cleaning the utensils
The utensils were being cleaned by them

I was filling a pitcher
The pitcher was being filled by me

The same rule applies to the Pronouns- I, she, he, they and we are changed to me, her, him them and us respectively, while converting to Passive Voices, or the reverse is applied while converting from Passive to Active. Active Voices in Past Continuous Tense have ‘ing’ form of the verb which is changed to Past Participle (preceded by ‘being’) while converting to Passive Voices. The reverse is applied while converting from Passive Voice to Active Voice.

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Exercises with Answers:

Identify whether the following sentences are Active or Passive and convert to other forms accordingly.

1) I was playing a guitar.

2) A ball was being thrown by him.

3) They were sweeping the floor.

4) A story was being told by him.

5) We were trying to escape.

Answers-

1) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- A guitar was being played by me.

2) The statement is in Passive Voice.

Active Voice- He was throwing a ball.

3) The statement is in Active Voice.

Passive Voice- The floor was being swept by them

4) The statement is in Passive Voice

Active Voice- He was telling a story

5) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- An escape was being tried by us.

6) Past Perfect Tense

TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE
PASSIVE VOICE
PAST PERFECT TENSE
VERB FORM: had + Past Participle Form of the Verb
VERB FORM: had been+ Past Participle form of the Verb

I had written a letter
A letter had been written by me

She had not read the book
The book had not been read by her

They had visited the church
The church had been visited by them

They had collected the money
The money had been collected by them

I had purchased a book
A book had been purchased by me

Here also the same rules applies to the Pronouns- I, she, he, they and we are changed to me, her, him them and us respectively, while converting to Passive Voices, or the reverse is applied while converting from Passive to Active. Active Voices in Past Perfect Tense have Past Participle (third form) form of the verb which remains the same i.e. Past Participle but preceded by “had been” while converting to Passive Voices. While converting from Passive Voices to Active Voices ‘been’ is omitted and the verb form remains the same.

Exercises with Answers:

Identify whether the following sentences are Active or Passive and convert to other forms accordingly.

1) I had transferred the powers.

2) She had touched the flower.

3) We had trapped the animal.

4) The book had been valued by him.

5) The claim had been verified by the officer.

Answers-

1) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- The powers had been transferred by me.

2) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- The flower had been touched by her.

3) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- The animal had been trapped by us

4) The statement is Passive

Active Voice- He had valued the book

5) The statement is Passive

Active Voice- The officer had verified the claim

7) Future Simple Tense

TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE
PASSIVE VOICE
FUTURE SIMPLE TENSE
VERB FORM: will/shall + first form of the verb
VERB FORM: will/shall + be + Past Participle form of the Verb

He will announce holiday
Holiday will be announced by him

We shall write a letter
A letter shall be written by us

They will watch a movie
A movie will be watched by them

She will sing a song
A song will be sung by her

It shall improve your health
You health shall be improved by it

Here also the same rules applies to the Pronouns- I, she, he, they and we are changed to me, her, him them and us respectively, while converting to Passive Voices, or the reverse is applied while converting from Passive to Active. Active Voices in Future Simple Tense have First form of the verb which is changed to Past Participle (preceded by ‘be’) form while converting to Passive Voices. The helping verb ‘be’ is omitted while converting to Active Voice from Passive Voice.

Exercises with Answers:

Identify whether the following sentences are Active or Passive and convert to other forms accordingly.

1) I shall type a letter.

2) He will view the proceedings.

3) They will violate the rules.

4) The students shall be warned by the teachers.

5) Money will be wasted by them.

Answers-

1) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- A letter shall be typed by me

2) The statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- The proceedings will be viewed by him.

3) They statement is Active Voice

Passive Voice-The rules will be violated by them

4) The statement is Passive Voice

Active Voice– The teachers will warn the students

5) The statement is Passive Voice

Active Voice– They will waste the money

8) Future Perfect Tense

TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE
PASSIVE VOICE
FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
VERB FORM: will/shall + have + Past Participle Form of the verb
VERB FORM: will/shall + have been  + Past Participle form of the Verb

I will have hired a cab
A cab will have been hired by me

She will have written a letter
A letter will have been written by them

You shall have received Doctorate
Doctorate shall have been received by you

They will not have eaten the dinner
The dinner will have not been eaten by them

She will have answered the questions
The questions will have been answered by her

Here also the same rules applies to the Pronouns- I, she, he, they and we are changed to me, her, him them and us respectively, while converting to Passive Voices, or the reverse is applied while converting from Passive to Active. Active Voices in Future Perfect Tense have Past Participle form of the verb which remains same i.e. Past Participle form while converting to Passive Voices; with only difference that ‘have’ in Active Voice is replaced by ‘have been’ in Passive voice. While converting from Passive Voice in Future Perfect, ‘been’ is omitted keeping the verb form unchanged.

Exercises With Answers:

Identify whether the following sentences are Active or Passive and convert to other forms accordingly.

1) I will have watched the match.

2) The plants shall have been watered by me.

3) She will have called her mother.

4) The proposal will have been withdrawn by them.

5) They will have uprooted the tree

Answers-

1) The statement is Active Voice

Passive Voice- The match will have been watched by me.

2) The statement is Passive Voice

Active Voice- I shall have watered the plants

3) The statement is Active voice

Passive Voice- Her mother will have been called by her.

4) The statement is in Passive Voice

Active Voice- They will have withdrawn the proposal.

5) They statement is in Active Voice

Passive Voice- The tree will have been uprooted by them.

Active Voice Statements That Cannot Be Converted Into Passive Voice

Active Voice statements expressed in the following tenses can’t be converted into Passive voice-

1) Present Perfect Continuous (or Progressive) Tense

Active Voice statements which are in Present Perfect Continuous form cannot be converted into Passive Voices. For Ex-

  • He has been working in the factory for two years.
  • She has been living here since 2015.
  • They have been changing home for five months.

Above sentences are Active voice as they are written in the order Subject + Verb + Object; but they can’t be converted into Passive Voice. The sentences don’t allow ant possibility of beginning with the object. Let’s try some-

  • In the factory he has been working for two years. (Incorrect)
  • Living here she has been since 2015. (Incorrect)
  • Changing home they have been for five months. (Incorrect)

All the above sentences are incorrect and there is no other formation that could be correct, even if the verb form is changed.

2) Past Perfect Continuous (or Progressive) Tense

Active Voices in Past Perfect Continuous form can also not be expressed in Passive Voices. We will go through the following Active Voices in Past Perfect Continuous Tense-

  • He had been studying for five hours.
  • She had been living in that house since 2010.
  • I had been dining here for three years.

The above sentences cannot be converted into Passive voice.

3) Future Perfect Continuous (or Progressive) Tense

The following Active Voices in Future Perfect Continuous can also not be converted into Passive Voices-

  • She will have been studying here for two years.
  • We will have been dining here since 2014.
  • You will have been using my car for six months.

4) Future Continuous (or Progressive) Tense

Active Voices in Future Continuous Tense cannot be converted into Passive Voices. Go through the following example sentences in Future Continuous Tense-

  • He will be reading a book tomorrow.
  • They will be playing football tomorrow.
  • She will be planning her marriage next year.

Above sentences cannot be converted into Passive Voices.

5) Sentences With Intransitive Verbs

Intransitive Verbs sentences cannot be transformed into Passive Voices. For Ex-

  • I am sleeping.
  • He was walking.
  • They are lying.

The above sentences cannot be transformed into Passive Voices.

[NEW] Active tenses and passive equivalents | tense active passive – NATAVIGUIDES

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Learn English Grammar: What’s the difference between ACTIVE \u0026 PASSIVE?


What are the active and passive voices in English? We use the active voice in a sentence when the subject performs a verb. For example: “Jim wrote a letter”. We use the passive voice when the subject is acted on by the verb. For example: “The letter was delivered by the postman”. Now, when should you use which voice? That is the question! In this English grammar lesson, I will teach you about using the active and passive voices. I will explain in more detail the difference between the two and give you lots of examples to solidify your understanding. I will also show you how to change a sentence from active to passive, or passive to active. You will learn some reasons why you might choose one or the other. This will help you in everyday speaking, as well as in writing, making your English more varied and interesting. Don’t forget to do the quiz after watching! https://www.engvid.com/learnenglishgrammaractivepassive/

นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูความรู้เพิ่มเติมที่นี่

Learn English Grammar: What’s the difference between ACTIVE \u0026 PASSIVE?

Present simple tense | Active and Passive


Present simple tense | Active and Passive
00:00 to 2:01
Form. Affirmation
Active (I / you / we /They+Infinitive) \u0026 (He / She / It + infinitive) + (s/es/ies)…..
Examples
(Cats eat fish and dry food.) \u0026 (Noha plays tennis twice a week.)
Passive..
Object+am/is/are+ past participle
Examples
(Fish and dry food are eaten by cats.)..(Noha is played. by Noha.)
Negation.. Active (I/You/We/They)+ don’t + infinitive..
He/She/It + doesn’t+infinitive..
Examples
(Dogs don’t eat leaves.) (My mother doesn’t drink tea.)
Passive..Object+am not/is not/are not +Past participle..
Examples
(Leaves aren’t eaten by dogs.) (Tea isn’t drunk by my mother.)
Active..
Do/Does + Subject + Infinitive..?
Examples
Do doctors treat patients? Does she study english?
Passive.. Am/Is/Are+Object+past participle
Examples
(Are patients treated by doctors?) (Is english studied by her? )
02:01 to 05:06
Wh’ Question
Active.. Question word+do/does+Subject+Infinitive?
Examples..(When do you watch television?) (Who does feed the baby?)
Passive.. Question word+am/is/are+Object+Past participle..?
Examples..(When is television watched by you?) (Who is the baby fed by?)
Important Notes
Examples (I don’t sad with what he said.).. (I am not sad with what he said.)
Where does your brother be?.. Where is your brother?
Verb ‘Have’ cases
Examples (I haven’t pencils for homework.) (I don’t have pencils for homework.)
Have you breakfast at seven? .. Do you have breakfast at seven?
Present simple (Uses)
1 Facts
Examples (Water boils at 100 Celsius) (Cows don’t drink milk.)
(Mrs.Diana lives in America.) ( My husband is an accountant)
2Habits
Examples (I go on a Nile cruise monthly.) (John rides his horse on Fridays.)
N.B (Used to)form..Subject + am/is/are+used to+noun
Examples..(Sara is used to waking up early.)
3 After the following linking words (after/before/if)
Examples
(After I finish the email, I will send it to the manager.)
4 Timetables
Examples
My plane leaves at seven tomorrow evening.

5With stave verbs such as (accept/know)
05:06 to 08:11
Group 1 ( Always constantly regularly usually often normally sometimes…..)
Examples (I sometimes go to the cinema.)
(Nadia is often late for school.)
Examples (I am accepting her suggestion.) (I accept her suggestion.)
Adverbs of frequency with the present simple
Group 2 (Once Three times) (Twice Several times)
Examples ( Once a year, I visit my uncle in Egypt.)
Group 3 (Every morning Monday Week………….)
Notes for advanced level
1 When there are two objects in a sentence
2any more/any longer/no longer
3 never/rarely/seldom/little
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presentsimpletense active passive learnenglish

Present simple tense | Active and Passive

Active versus Passive Voice


This short video provides a brief introduction into the differences between active and passive voice when writing sentences.
For other videos by Dr. Jodie Salter, visit https://www.youtube.com/c/DrJodieSalter.
Check out this great strategy for organizing and structuring your sentences: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JvEUJWB4zms\u0026t=4s

Active versus Passive Voice

Passive Voice all Tenses | Active and Passive Voice in English Grammar | Passive Voice Practice


Aii tenses passive voice with practice
मात्र 2 मिनट में सिखाउंगा और आप सीखोगे |
Full Marks Full Guarantee
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noun playlist link https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLwxxP3LJHdgGeFlmKaGYi7ekLRmQkfiW5
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TENSE TYPES AND CHART FULL DETAIL VIDEO LINK https://youtu.be/AjULL2qjcw4
Verb के साथ s/es का use कब करे video link https://youtu.be/omlDmDhAvq0
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PLAYLIST OF PASSIVE VOICE LINK https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLwxxP3LJHdgFDxzud_Ff0DZGeTc1LM3pK
PLAYLIST OF CONDITIONAL SENTENCES LINK https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLwxxP3LJHdgElblPHnLBOgfcDQq60wxPV
PLAYLIST OF ALL TENSES LINK https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLwxxP3LJHdgH0efJT5s5UIps_LHYcI0VO.

Passive Voice all Tenses | Active and Passive Voice in English Grammar | Passive Voice Practice

Passive Voice with Different Tenses


Welcome To Quiz A Day!
0:00 Introduction
0:14 Form of Passive
1:09 When to use Passive
2:28 Passive with Different tenses
5:18 Quiz Begins Qs 1 ~ 5
7:46 Qs 6 ~ 10
8:54 Qs 11 ~ 15
If you find the video useful, share it with your friends.
Do leave your comments and suggestions down below in the comment section. Your feedback on my video is most welcome!
Don’t forget to subscribe to my channel, Quiz A Day!
Some More videos:
Past Perfect Quiz: https://youtu.be/XNg0ygqD5JM
Mixed Tenses Quiz: https://youtu.be/PJpDBnoIAw
Time Expressions w/ Tenses: https://youtu.be/3S1BWEhtPVo
Music Credit: http://ontamam.com/ongaku.html

Passive Voice with Different Tenses

นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูวิธีอื่นๆMAKE MONEY ONLINE

ขอบคุณที่รับชมกระทู้ครับ tense active passive

See also  [Update] คำนามแสดงความเป็นเจ้าของ ( possessive nouns )-ภาษาอังกฤษ ม.ปลาย | แสดงความเป็นเจ้าของ ภาษาอังกฤษ - NATAVIGUIDES

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