English Grammar For Beginners – Regular Verbs In Past Simple Tense
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English Grammar For Beginners Regular Verbs In Past Simple Tense
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How to ask questions in the PAST SIMPLE tense
Ready to master the most used tense in English conversations? In this easy grammar lesson you’ll learn to ask questions in the past simple tense. We use this tense more than others because when we have a conversation or tell a story, we are usually talking about something that happened in the past. Unfortunately, many English learners make simple mistakes when they ask questions in the past simple tense. Watch this video for a clear explanation of all the rules you need to follow. Then we’ll do some exercises together so you can practice changing statements into questions. In this lesson, I also mention irregular verbs. You can view online, download, or print a list of the most common irregular verbs in English at http://www.engvid.com/englishresource/irregularverbs/
Take the quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/howtoaskquestionsinthepastsimpletense/
Hi. I’m Rebecca from engVid. If you’re a beginner or intermediate level student, this is a really important lesson for you, and that’s because we’re going to focus on the past simple tense, and specifically on making questions or forming questions in the past simple tense.
Now, why are these two areas specifically a little bit more challenging for students? For two reasons. First of all, when we’re talking about the past tense, it’s a little bit more challenging because we have to deal with regular verbs and irregular verbs, and when we’re talking about questions it’s a little bit harder because we have to add some words when we form a question and we have to change other words. All right? And all of this we have to do quite a lot when we speak in English, because most of the time when you speak in English or when you speak probably in any language, we tend to talk more about the past than about anything else. So, certainly, when we speak in English, we use this tense very, very often. Okay? So, let’s have a look at exactly how to make these changes so that you can ask questions in the past simple tense very easily. Okay.
So, first of all, let’s look at the sentence. When we form a sentence using a regular verb in the past, so what we do is we take the base verb, which in this first case is \”work\”, and we add \”ed\” or \”d\”. Okay? If the verb already ends in \”e\”, like \”dance\”, then we just add a \”d\”; and if not, we add \”ed\”. So: \”He worked\”, right? \”He worked\”, \”work\” becomes \”worked\”. But what happens when we need to make the question? Two things. First, you have to add this extra word: \”Did\”. Without that, your question, I guarantee you, will be wrong. It might be casual, it might be informal, but it will grammatically be incorrect. So we need that word \”Did\” to form the question, and then we have to make another change. We have to add this: \”Did he work?\” So what happened? Here, when we had the sentence, we had to write \”ed\”, and we said: \”He worked.\” But when we come back to the question, we are coming back to the base form off the verb, so we do not say: \”Did he worked?\” We just say: \”Did he work?\” All right? So try to get the rhythm of that. And I’ll try to repeat it for you, too, which you can then listen to and repeat after me. So, for example: \”He worked.\”, \”Did he work?\”, \”She played.\”, \”Did she play?\”, \”They visited.\”, \”Did they visit?\” All right? You see? In each case, we have come back to the base form of the verb. So, do not say: \”Did he worked?\” Don’t say: \”He worked?\” Try to use the entire expression: \”Did he work?\”, \”Did she play?\”, \”Did they visit?\” Okay? That’s with regular verbs.
Now, what happens when we have irregular verbs? Well, you have to learn a little bit more. First, you have to learn: What is the past tense form to use with those irregular verbs? So, for example, in this one, the verb itself is the verb \”go\”. \”I go.\” Or let’s say: \”He goes.\” But in the past, you have to know that the past tense form of \”go\” is \”went\”. All right? How do you know that? Well, you just have to learn it. Okay? There’s no other way. There’s a list of irregular verbs, and then you have to learn them by heart, you probably know many of them because you hear them a lot, but otherwise, you have to learn them. There’s not much choice, there. Okay?
So in the past: \”He went.\” How do we make that into a question, and what happens? The same thing that happened up here with the regular verbs. So: \”He went.\” becomes: \”Did he go?\” All right? So let’s see. \”He went to the store.\” When we ask the question, we say: \”Did he go to the store?\” All right? So, again, we had to add the word \”did\”, and we have to come back to the base form of the verb, which in this case was \”go\”. All right?
Past simple VS Past continuous ใช้กับอดีตทั้งคู่ แต่ใช้ต่างกันยังไง | Eng ลั่น [by We Mahidol]
Past simple กับ Past continuous ใช้กับอดีตทั้งคู่ แต่ใช้ต่างกันยังไง?
หลายคนมักสับสนกับ 2 tense นี้
Past simple ใช้กับเหตุการณ์ที่เกิดขึ้นในอดีต เช่น I studied for exams.
Past Continuous ใช้เฉพาะเจาะจงเวลา เน้นความต่อเนื่องของเหตุหารณ์ เช่น I was studying for exams.
วันนี้พี่คะน้า รุ่นพี่วิทยาลัยนานาชาติ ม.มหิดล จะมาสรุปความแตกต่างให้ทุกคนฟังแบบเข้าใจง่าย ไปดูกัน
WeMahidol Mahido Engลั่น PastSimple PastContinuous
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Past Simple Tense be – was / were: Fun \u0026 Interactive English Grammar ESL Video
Teach your beginner students the past simple tense be: was/were with this original \u0026 innovative video and introduce your learners to timelines.
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Title of English / ESL Video:
Past Simple Tense be: was/were
Target English Grammar:
Past simple tense be: was/were
Student Proficiency Level:
Beginner level grammar
– Play the video in class after delivering a warmup activity first.
– Pause the video whenever the narrator asks students a question to give students time to answer. For example, after elicitations and concept checking questions (CCQs).
Summary of English Grammar: Past Simple Tense be – was/were
Approximate chronological order:
Rules and Explanation:
Elicitation of positive example sentence: He was short.
Elicitation of negative example sentence: He wasn’t short.
Pause the video after the question to give students time to answer.
Meaning / Function (Definition):
We use the simple past to talk about the past.
Affirmative and Negative Sentences:
wasn’t = was not (contraction)
Positive and Negative Examples:
– Positive example sentence: I was a police officer.
Negative example question: I wasn’t a police officer.
– Positive example sentence: She was beautiful.
Negative example question: She wasn’t beautiful.
– Positive example sentence: It was expensive!
Negative example question: It wasn’t expensive!
– Positive example sentence: We were at home.
Negative example question: We weren’t at home.
– Positive example sentence: They were in Russia.
Negative example question: They weren’t in Thailand
Form / Structure:
Singular vs. Plural:
The simple past of “be” has two forms: was and were.
Elicit from students: Which one is singular and which one is plural? (Was is singular and were is plural.)
But sometimes English doesn’t always follow the rules. The pronoun you can be singular or plural, but we use were for both singular you and plural you.
– Positive example sentence: You were late to school.
Negative example question: You weren’t late to school.
– Example question: Why were you late to school?
Yes/No Question Form:
– Example question: Were you late to school?
The short answer for a yes/no question is:
Yes, I was.
No, I wasn’t.
Further Example Wh Questions and Yes/No Questions:
When were they in Russia?
Were they in Russia?
The short answers are:
Yes, they were.
No, they weren’t.
How much was it?
Was it expensive?
(Elicit) And what are the short answers?
Yes, it was.
No, it wasn’t.
The negatives are:
was = wasn’t
were = weren’t
was is singular.
were is plural and for you.
The short answers to yes/no questions are:
Yes, + subject + was/were.
No, + subject + wasn’t/weren’t.
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